Juan Fernández

The Juan Fernandez Biosphere Reserve is situated 650 km from the Chilean coast in the Pacific Ocean. It includes the whole Archipelago with the islands of Robinson Crusoe, Alexander Selkirk and Santa Clara and all the islets in the area. The Juan Fernandez Archipelago is volcanic in origin, with steep, rugged mountain ranges with deep ravines.

Declaration Date: 1977
Surface Area: 9.967 ha
Administrative Division: Valparaíso Region, Province of Valparaiso

Human Activities

Socio-economic activities are carried out outside the Reservebut very close to it. They mainly consist of ecotourismover land and sea, heritage tourism and hotel services,artisanal fishing, trade and municipal public services.

Ecological Characteristics

This Reserve corresponds to an insular ecosystem, characterized by the presence of 131 endemic plant species (62%of the native vascular flora).

Remnants of the past are worth mentioning, such as Lactoris fernandeziana and Thursopteris elegans; and ten endemic species: Cuminia, Dendroseris, Juania, Lactoris, Megalachne, Podophorus,Robinsonia, Selkirkia, Thyrsopteris, and Yunquea.

An outstanding characteristic of the Juan Fernández forestis the fact that 100% of its tree species only exist in the Archipelago, that is to say it is 100% endemic.

Fauna includes the Juan Fernandez Firecrown (Sephanoides fernandensis),the Juan Fernandez Tit-Tyrant (Anairetes fernandezianus)and the Juan Fernandez Fur Seal (Arctocephalusphilippi).

> Back to Biosphere Reserves in Chile

                                                                                              Last updated in July 2011

Back to top