La Campana - Peñuelas

This Biosphere Reserve includes the Campana National Park and the Lago Peñuelas National Reserve. The relief is gently undulating with some small hills and several gullies. The highest peaks are ‘El Roble’ (2,222 metres above sea level), and ‘La Campana’ (1,920 metres). The major vegetation type is scrubland with Looser (Cryptocarya alba) a species of the family Lauraceae, boldea fragran (Peumus boldus), and winter's bark (Drimys winteri).


Declaration Date: 1984
Surface Area: 17.095 ha
Administrative Division: Valparaíso Region, Valparaíso and Quillota Provinces

Human Activities

Activities carried out in this BR are mainly of a recreationalnature, with 80,000 visitors per year, and also includeenvironmental education.  

Ecological Characteristics

This Biosphere Reserve includes various ecosystems, allhosting endemic species:

  • Hygrophyll forests are present in the lower parts ofgullies and on humid slopes, with species such as: Crinodendron patagua, Persea lingue, Dasyphyllumexcelsum and Beilschmiedia miersii;
  • Sclerophyll forests hosting Cryptocarya alba, Boldo (Peumus boldus) and the Soapbark tree (Quillajasaponaria);
  • Deciduous forests of Nothofagus maccrocarpa;
  • Palm forests with the Chilean palm species Jubaea chilensis;
  • Spiny shrub formations with Acacia caven and Schinus polygamus;
  • Xerophyllous and chusquea culeou shrubland;-  Highland steppe shrubland; formation of large Puyasor ‘‘chaguales’’ (Puya chilensis, P. coerulea, P. berteroniana).

There is also a body of water with a surface area covering 1,600 in good years, forming an important wetland for migratory birds and occasional resident ones, where 125 species of aquatic, riparian and terrestrial birds have been recorded.

Protection Classification

Uatumã Biological Reserve, Rio Negro Ecological Reserve, Jaú National Park, Juami-Japurá Ecological Reserve, Javari-Solimões Ecological Reserve.

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