Cacique Lempira, Señor de las Montañas

© UNESCO
The Cacique Lempira, Señor de las Montañas biosphere reserve (Honduras)

The Cacique Lempira Señor de las Montañas Biosphere Reserve is located in the western part of the country that includes the Montaña de Celaque National Park. The reserve proposal has an ecosystem of cloud forest and mixed forest (pine-oak). Part of the area has a highland landscape, where is situated the highest mountain of Honduras, “Cerro las Minas" with 2,849 meters high. In total, there are 153,850 inhabitants mainly in the transition area, where most of the population is rural and the agricultural sector represents 87% of the economy activity.

Designation date: 2015
Administrative authorities:  El Instituto de Conservación y Desarrollo Forestal, Áreas Protegidas y Vida Silvestre,  La Mancomunidad MAPANCE PROCELAQUE.
Surface area (terrestrial and marine):  168,634 ha
Core area(s):  15,495 ha
Buffer zone(s):  50,111 ha
Transition area(s):  103,634 ha

Location
Latitude:
Longitude:
Midpoint:
14°32’31”N – 88°42’50”W

Ecological Characteristics

© UNESCO
The Cacique Lempira, Señor de las Montañas biosphere reserve (Honduras)

 

 

Socio-Economic Characteristics

© UNESCO
The Cacique Lempira, Señor de las Montañas biosphere reserve (Honduras)

The population living within the boundaries of the core and buffer zones is mostly originated from Lenca ethnic group. This indigenous group has a strong influence on cultural traditions, social organization, subsistence agriculture and other forms of production in the area, that also influence in the proposal name of the Biosphere Reserve Lempira in Lenca meaning lord of the hill. Another potential sustainable economic activity is tourism, based on not only natural attraction of this proposed biosphere reserve, but also on cultural aspects, such as Catholic syncretic festivities, colonial architecture, and the Lenca route, which comprises sites and culture features important to this indigenous people.


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