La Sepultura

La Sepultura Biosphere Reserve consist of a range of different types of ecosystems and natural habitats that represent major biogeographic regions, coupled with traditional forms of local ownership of the land that determine different uses for management and conservation of the site.

The main ecological system in the area, due to its extension and biodiversity, is the lowland deciduous or dry tropical forest which is distributed in the lower parts of both strands of the Sierra.


Declaration date: 2006
Surface area: 167,310 ha
Administrative division: Municipalities of Arriaga, Tonalá, Villaflores,Villacorzo, Jiquipilas and Cintalapa, State of Chiapas

Human Activities

Animal husbandry, agriculture (maize and beans), coffee growing, forest timber management, exploitation of Xate palm leaves (Chamaedora spp).

Ecological Characteristics

The Biosphere Reserve has a range of ecosystems and various types of natural habitats representing important biogeographical regions, added to local traditional forms of land allocation that involve different uses in managing and preserving the site: lowland deciduous forest or tropical dry forest, midland sub-evergreen forest or evergreen tropical forest, midland sub-deciduous and mixed forests (Pine-Oak- Liquidambar) and relict ecosystems such as the montane cloud forest or evergreen cloud forest, cloud shrubland or high altitude Paramo and pine savannah.

It harbours over 90 species of migratory birds, six species of palms of world economic importance and four species of cicadas and various species of orchids. Worth noting are the following tree species: Ulmus mexicana, Manilkara zapota, Triplaris melaenodendron, Cedrela odorata, Liquidambar styraciflua, Haematoxylon brasiletto and Croton guatemalensis; five species of felines: the Oncilla, the Jaguarundi, the Ocelot, the Jaguar, the Puma and also the Spider monkey, Tapir, Brocket deer, the Tamandua Anteater; birds such as the Gray Hawk, Swainson’s Hawk, the Solitary Eagle, the King Vulture, the Peregrine Falcon and various species of psitacids: the White-fronted Parrot and the Yellow-naped Parrot and also reptiles such as the Boa, the Rattlesnake, the Coral Snake, the Green Iguana and the Black Iguana.

Protection Classifications

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                                                                                             Last update: July 2012

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