Los Volcanes

The importance of this site arises from the fact that it is located within the Transverse Volcanic Axis in its centre – east part, making it the biogeographical boundary between the Nearctic and Neotropical regions.

Declaration date: 2010
Surface area: 171,774.4 ha
Administrative division: Iztaccíhuatl Popocatépetl Zoquiapan National Park

Human Activities

Within the reserve, the core zone comes under federal jurisdiction, the buffer zone under each State’s land planning and a combination of ejido, communal and small landowners. The transition zone is the property of the ejidos, communities and small landowners.

The transition zone is the only part with human settlements, including 31 480 inhabitants and land given over to farming, stock-raising, forestry, harvesting or other uses. The Ecological Planning Programme for Popocatépetl Volcano and its Area of Influence covers a surface area of approximately 283,192,53 hectares involving 34 municipalities in three States, namely: Ixtapaluca, Tlalmanalco, Cocotitlán, Temamatla, Tenango del Aire, Ayapango, Amecameca, Ozumba, Tepetlixpa, Atlautla and Ecatzingo, in the State of Mexico; Acteopan, Atlixco, Atzizihuacan, Calpan, Cohuecan, Chiautzingo, San Nicolás de los Ranchos, San Salvador El Verde, Santa Isabel Cholula, Tianguismanalco, Tlahuapan, Tochimilco, Domingo Arenas, Huaquechula, Huejotzingo, Nealtican, San Felipe Teotlancingo and San Jerónimo Tecuinapan, in the State of Puebla; Ocuituco, Temoac, Tetela del Volcán, Yecapixtla and Zacualpan de Amilpas in the State of Morelos.

Ecological Characteristics

The importance of this site arises from the fact that it is located within the Transverse Volcanic Axis in its centre – east part, making it the biogeographical boundary between the Nearctic and Neotropical regions.

It includes a very marked ecosystem gradient deriving from the variations in altitude, favouring enormous specific wealth and the presence of endemic species. Its diverse ecosystems consist of pine, Sacred Fir (Abies religiosa, Oyamel in Nahuatl) forests and high-mountain prairies. Its geological formations, (hills, volcanic cones and slopes) are of volcanic origin with a predomination of basalt and andesitic rocks. The altitude varies between 2,589 m above sea level and 5,452 m above sea level.


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                                                                                             Last update: July 2012

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