Mapimí is located in the Durango State in northern Mexico between the Neotropical and neartic biogeographical region, in the ‘Bolson de Mapimí’ 1,150 meters above the sea level. It contains three core areas in the ‘Sierra de la Campana’, the ‘laguna de las Palomas’, a salted lagoon, and a desert habitat called ‘Dunas de la Soledad’. It comprises fragile warm desert and semi-desert ecosystems (particularly Chihuahuan desert), and the rich, highly adapted but vulnerable plants, mainly xerophytic matorral, and animal species as the puma (Puma concolor), venado bura (Odocoileus hemionus), the grullas (Grus canadensis) and the ‘zorrita del desierto’ 'Vulpes macrotis' along with scrubs and desert grasslands. 72,600 inhabitants (1997) live in the reserve, mainly engaged in extensive cattle raising, salt exploitation and in agriculture.

Declaration date: 1977Surface area: 342,388 haAdministrative division: Municipalities of Tlahualillo and Mapimí in the State of Durango, Municipality of Jiménez in the State of Chihuahua and Municipality of Sierra Mojada in the State of Coahuila

Human Activities

Salt mining, animal husbandry and agriculture.

Ecological Characteristics

This Biosphere Reserve includes the desert ecosystems of the central part of the Chihuahua Desert, where there is a predomination of xerophyllus microphyllus scrubland and chaparral with various compositions forming mosaics of halophyte vegetation in the lower parts.

Biologically rich, it includes 403 plant species. Noteworthy are the 39 cactus species and 200 species of birds, 5 species of amphibians, 36 species of reptiles and 28 species of mammals. Endemic species identified are 9 for the Cactaceae family, one for the Cochlospermaceae family and one for the Fouqueriaceae family. Particularly charismatic are the Bolson Tortoise (Gopherus flavomarginatus), the Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis), the Mexican Fringe-toed Lizard (Uma paraphigas), the Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus), the American Badger (Taxidea taxus), the Puma (Puma concolor); and birds such as the Golden Eagle (Aquila crhysaetos).

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                                                                                             Last update: July 2012

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