Volcán Tacaná

Tacaná Volcano, shared in the borderline with Guatemala, is part of the Central American Core (Nucleo Centroamericano) volcanic chain. It contains fragile ecosystems very rich in wild flora and fauna species of cultural, scientific, economic and biological relevance. Its rich biodiversity and high endemism are found particularly in the high mountain ecosystem and landscapes and in the volcanic edifice which presents geophysical features of great scientific and aesthetic value, representative of humid environments of Andean origin that are found in Mexico.

Declaration date: 2006
Surface area: 6.378 ha
Administrative division: Municipalities of Cacahoatan, Tapachula and Unión Juárez, State of Chiapas

Human Activities

Coffee-growing, flower-growing, bee-keeping, agriculture and tourism.

Ecological Characteristics

The region of the Tacana Volcano, located in the core of Central America, is a rich reservoir of endemic and other species of Central and South American origin which, in Mexico, are only to be found in this area. The topography is rugged with ecosystems of evergreen medium altitude forests, cloud forests and pine, oak and fir forests. It is the only place in the country where two ecosystems are represented: the Tropical Paramo and the Chusqueal ecosystem.

The Volcán Tacana Biosphere Reserve harbours a rich variety of endemic species of flora (Chasquea martinezi) and fauna (Cyllopsis spp., Limanopoda cinna, Dalla sp. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera). Included among the biota of the Volcano are a significant number of charismatic or protected species, such as the Canaco tree (Chiranthodendron derbianus) and the Ornate Hawk-Eagle (Spizaetus ornatos). There are innumerable species of orchids and bromeliads.

The rich biodiversity and high number of endemic species are particularly obvious in the high mountain ecosystems and landscapes and in the volcanic edifice which has geophysical features of great scientific and esthetical value, representative of the humid environments of Andean origin to be found in Mexico. Average annual rainfall can amount to 2,000 - 5,000 mm, as in the case of Soconusco.

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                                                                                             Last update: July 2012

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