Noroeste Amotapes-Manglares

©UNESCO/Walter Wust

Located in the northeast of Peru, this area is most famous for the mangroves of Tumbes, the largest area of mangrove forest in Peru. The site also includes areas of the western foothills of the Andes, with altitudes up to 3,080 meters, which has resulted in a unique biological diversity with a high degree of endemism. The biosphere reserve includes seasonaly dry forests of Peru that form the heart of the Endemic Region of Tumbes, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. This region is home to 59 endemic bird species, 14 of which are endangered.

Following the Peace Agreement between Peru and Ecuador in 1998, both countries have been strengthening their fraternal ties, trust and cooperation in diverse areas. This resulted in 2017 in the establishment of the Transboundary Bosques de Paz Biosphere Reserve.

Designation date: 1977 (since 2017 part of the Bosques de Paz Transboundary Biosphere Reserve).
Administrative Authorities: SERNANP, Region Piura
Surface area:
1,115,947 ha
Core area: 154,533 ha
Buffer zone: 212,049 ha
Transition area: 749,365 ha

Surface area:
1,616,988.42 ha
Core area(s): 237,638.76 ha
Buffer zone(s): 478,165.28 ha
Transition area(s): 901,184.38 ha

4°04'47.4"S - 4°29'10.26"S
Longitude: 80°23'16.49"W - 80°29°10.77"W
Centre Point: 4°07'22.02"S - 80°01'03.24" W

Ecological Characteristics


The site includes the Cerros de Amotape National Park, Coto El Angolo and Tumbes Mangroves Protected Area. The reserve consists of dry forest, tropical rainforest, and fragile mangroves. The mangroves of Tumbes are the largest area of mangrove forest in Peru.The Cerros Amotape park protects a portion of the Tumbes-Piura dry forests ecoregion and the southern reaches of the Pacific Tropical Forest. 

The region is one of the most important and threatened Endemic Bird Areas. At present, there are 59 species endemic to the Tumbesina Region, fourteen of which are threatened. In total, about 200 bird species can be found in the biosphere reserve. Among the mammals the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), neotropical river otter (Lontra longicaudis), mantled howler (Alouatta palliata), and jaguar (Panthera onca) can be found.


Socio-Economic Characteristics

©UNESCO/Walter Wust

About 500,000 inhabitants live in the biosphere reserve of which more then 90% in the coastal areas of the transition area. Main economic activities include fishery, livestock and tourism. Since the signing of the Peace Agreement between Ecuador and Peru, the families of the border have been strengthening and sustaining a social, cultural and economic dynamic. 

The Tumbes region was already populated well before the Inca Empire. The first settlers were fishers and hunters. Most recent cultures that lived in the area have left evidence of the refinement in their ceramics, and 'huacas' or ruins that still stand today.

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Last updated in June 2017

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