Fulfilling the Three Functions
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Biosphere reserves have three inter-connected functions:
- Conservation: protecting cultural diversity and biodiversity, including genetic variation, species, ecosystems and landscapes and securing services provided by such diversity
- Development: fostering economic and human development that is environmentally and socially sustainable and culturally appropriate
- Logistic support: facilitating demonstration projects, environmental education and sustainable development education and training, research, and monitoring. While education, research, monitoring and capacity enhancement are seen as components of the logistic or knowledge-generation function of biosphere reserves, they are also integral to the conservation and development functions.