Transboundary Biosphere Reserves (TBRs)
As borders between states are political rather than ecological, ecosystems often occur across national boundaries, and may be subject to different, or even conflicting, management and land use practices.
TBRs provide a tool for common management. A TBR is an official recognition at the international level and by a UN institution of a political will to co-operate in the conservation and sustainable use, through common management, of a shared ecosystem. It also represents a commitment of two or more countries to apply together the Seville Strategy for biosphere reserves and its objectives.
Recommendations for the establishment and functioning TBRs were set out in Pamplona at the Seville+5 meeting.
The experiences and lessons learned from five Transboundary Biosphere Reserves in Europe have been collected.