IN FOCUS 2013

Tribute to Robert Barbault

© MNHN/J.-C. Domenech
- Professor Robert Barbault, President of MAB France

The Division of Ecological and Earth Sciences, and in particular its Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme, wish to express their deep sadness and regret at the passing of Robert Barbault on Thursday 12 December 2013.

Robert Barbault was Professor Emeritus at both the Pierre and Marie Curie University and the National Museum of Natural History in Paris (France), where he directed the Department of Ecology and Biodiversity Management from 2002 to 2012. His fields of research and expertise spanned ecology, the dynamics of biodiversity and conservation biology.

He had been President of the MAB National Committee since 2002. Over the past decade, he had injected fresh impetus into the committee and heightened its visibility by mobilizing both the broad scientific community and local actors, including decision-makers around the challenges of sustainable development and biodiversity. Under his presidency, three new French biosphere reserves were created. He was convinced that biosphere reserves were necessary references for putting sustainable development into practice and that the World Network of Biosphere Reserves deserved to play a greater role on the international scene. He was always accessible and adept at mobilizing his team at key international MAB meetings, to which he made substantive contributions. Recently, he had chaired the international working group responsible for updating the nomination and periodic review forms of biosphere reserves.

Robert Barbault was a man driven by curiosity, a man who was open to all forms of knowledge. He was discreet and a man of great sensitivity. He was known for his simplicity, his kindness and sense of commitment. He will be sorely missed by the MAB programme, which owes him a lot. We would like to convey our sincere condolences to his wife and children, to his family and friends, in the name of the extended MAB family, who appreciated and respected him. We thank him for his profound, committed and visionary work, which we shall pursue in his memory.

Video: Tribute by Gilles Boeuf at UNESCO (only available in french version)

Polish and South African institutions awarded with 2013 UNESCO Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Preservation

Mr Adam Wasiak, Director-General of the State Forests National Forest Holding; Ms Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO; H.E. Dr. Madiha Al Shaibani, Minister of Education, Sultanate of Oman; Harriet Davies-Mostert, Head of Conservation Science Endangered Wildlife Trust.

The State Forests National Forest Holding of Poland and South Africa’s Endangered Wildlife Trust were recognized during the opening of the World Science Forum on 24 November in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, with the UNESCO Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Preservation. Delivered by the government of Oman in partnership with UNESCO the Prize consists of a certificate and $70,000. 

The State Forests National Forest Holding of Poland manages more than 75 per cent of the country’s forests. The holding plays a major role in ensuring the sustainable management of forests while raising public awareness of environmental concerns and the need for ecological conservation. Most of the forests situated in Poland’s ten biosphere reserves are managed by the holding.

The Endangered Wildlife Trust of South Africa develops and implements innovative environmental protection projects. In close cooperation with local communities, the trust works for the preservation of ecosystems and endangered species through research, environmental education, training and awareness-raising.

Showing Climate Change Impacts on Mountains of the World

Copyrights: ESA – JAXA
The image was acquired, processed and distributed by the European Space Agency (ESA) by using data from the Japanese ALOS satellite on 24 August 2010 in the framework of the Third Party Mission programme

With the generous support of the Government of Flanders (Belgium), the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB) and the International Hydrological Programme (IHP) developed an exhibition that features satellite images of different mountain regions worldwide, many of which are UNESCO Biosphere Reserves.

The exhibition is displayed on the exterior fences of UNESCO’s Headquarters in Paris until 20 December 2013 and It highlights the critical functions of mountains, and the implications of climate change for mountain ecosystems, water resources and livelihoods.

This exhibition is a contribution to the International Year of Water Cooperation (2013) and was done with the following partners: The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), The European Space Agency (ESA), The United States Geological Survey (USGS) and Planet Action.

Training island and coastal area Biosphere Reserves managers for better transfer of technical knowledge

Jeju Island Biosphere Reserve, Republic of Korea

Created in 2009, the World Network of Island and Coastal Area Biosphere Reserves aims to study, implement and disseminate island and coastal strategies to preserve biodiversity and heritage, promote sustainable development, and adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change.

UNESCO and the island of Jeju is organizing a Training Course for Island and Coastal Area Biosphere Reserves Managers, which will take place on the island of Jeju, Republic of Korea, from 21 to 25 October 2013. The aim of this course is to deepen the understanding of biosphere reserve managers regarding the concept and vision of biosphere reserves, raise their awareness of the vulnerability of island and coastal biosphere reserves to climate change, and transfer technical knowledge.

The Trifinio-Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve: a regional model for a green economy

©UNESCO/Pilar Chiang Joo
Event "Trifinio-Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve, as a regional model for a green economy".

The Permanent Delegation of the Federal Republic of Germany in collaboration with the MAB Programme and with the contribution of the Permanent Delegations of El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, jointly organized a conference on the Trifinio-Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve, as a regional model for a green economy, at UNESCO Headquarters on the 12 September 2013. This event informed the Permanent Delegations and Observers to UNESCO on the creation and success of the Transboundary Biosphere Reserve, on its management, natural resources, biodiversity and the important role played by local communities.

General Assembly of the African Network of Biosphere Reserves in Ghana

© Daniel S. Amlalo/ Environmental Protection Agency
Section of marshland with lagoon in background (Songor) Ghana

The Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme and the UNESCO Accra Office in collaboration with the Ghana National Commission for UNESCO are organizing the General Assembly 2013 and the Regional Meeting of the African Network of Biosphere Reserves (AfriMAB) in Accra, Ghana, from 24–27 September 2013.

AfriMAB is the Africa sub-Saharan network of Biosphere Reserves. As of June 2013, there are fifty-nine Biosphere reserves in Africa.

The official opening ceremony of the AfriMAB General Assembly took place on 24 September 2013 with key speakers including Prof. Naana Jane Opoku-Agyeman, Minister for Education, and Hon. Dr. Paul Joe Oteng-Adjei, Minister for the Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI).

The theme of the meeting is ‘The Role of Ecosystems Services in Boosting Green Economies in Biosphere Reserve’. It will provide a platform for participants to exchange information on harnessing ecosystems services to develop green economies in biosphere reserves. Participants will also be able to undertake a regional stock-taking, help redefine the orientation of the network’s programme for the biennium, and share information and skills in biosphere reserve management through direct field visits.

Masters Course on Biosphere Reserves for Sustainable Landscape Development

© Bo Bergman
Nightfall at Lake Vänern - Lake Vänern Archipelago, Sweden

This course is comprised of two integrated modules that aim to make a profound difference in your capacity to work for sustainable development, with the landscape as your arena and the biosphere reserve concept as one of your tools. The course will give you a deep insight into the concepts of sustainability and biosphere reserves, and help you understand how to put theory into practice.

The course is a single-subject course at advanced level offered by the Department of Economy and Society, Human Geography Unit - School of Business Economics and Law, at the University of Gothenburg.

This Masters Course is offered to Biosphere Reserve Coordinators, Biosphere Reserve Management, and professionals that work with landscape-based management such as planners, consultants and conservationists.

The course comprises approximately six months of part-time study. It will include two separate weeks in the Lake Vänern Archipelago and Mount Kinnekulle Biosphere Rereserves (Mariestad, Sweden). In addition, the University of Gothenburg’s web-based learning platform (GUL) will be used for e-learning, interaction, presentations and feedback.

The deadline to submit the admission form is 31 October 2013 and the teaching language is English.

Biosphere Reserves as model regions for a Green Economy: information meeting on the Trifinio Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve

The idea to create a Biosphere Reserve between El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, in the area of Trifinio, first emerged in 1987, but it was in 1997 that the three parties recognized the region as an area of special interest that represented an indivisible ecological zone.

In 2011, during its 23th session, the International Coordination Council of the MAB Programme approved the establishment of the first tri-national biosphere reserve in Central America and commended the National Authorities for the work achieved so far. This biosphere reserve is considered a major contribution to the implementation of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor.

The Permanent Delegations of Germany, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras to UNESCO and the MAB Programme Secretariat are jointly organizing an information event on the Trifinio Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve at UNESCO Headquarters on 12 September 2013. This meeting will provide information on the initiative: ‘Biosphere Reserves as Model Regions for a Green Economy – The example of Trifinio - Fraternidad Biosphere Reserve in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala’, which is promoted by the German Authorities.

Last day to submit nominations for the UNESCO Sultan Qaboos Prize

© Kasztner András
Director-General, Irina Bokova awarded the Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria with the Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Preservation, 17 November 2011

The purpose of the UNESCO Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environment Preservation is to afford recognition to outstanding contributions by individuals, groups of individuals, institutes or organizations in the management or preservation of the environment, consistent with the policies, aims and objectives of UNESCO, and in relation to the Organization’s programmes in this field, i.e. environmental and natural resources research, environmental education and training, creation of environmental awareness through the preparation of environmental information materials and activities aimed at establishing and managing protected areas such as biosphere reserves and natural World Heritage sites.

The Prize is awarded every two years. As of 2013, the financial Prize reward is USD 70,000, a donation graciously made by His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said of Oman.

The deadline for submitting nominations for the 2013 Prize is 10 September 2013.

The Prize will be awarded for the 12th time at a ceremony that will take place during the World Science Forum in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), from 24 to 27 November 2013.

Mangroves and sustainable development: views from Latin America

© Ainhoa Mingolarra, UNESCO Quito
Panellists during the International Workshop on Mangroves and Sustainable Development

Organized by UNESCO-Quito, the Permanent Commission for the South Pacific (CPPS), Conservation International (CI), and the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of Colombia, the International Workshop on Mangroves and Sustainable Development, held in July in Santa Marta, Colombia, gathered forty-five participants from Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Chile.

During the event, participants discussed environmental legislation and policies related to mangroves, as well as best practices and experiences of conservation and management of mangrove ecosystems. Topics included the sustainable use of resources; social, cultural and educational aspects; reforestation and ecological restoration; and research and monitoring.

UNESCO-Quito has established a formal cooperation agreement with the intergovernmental Permanent Commission for the South Pacific and the NGO Conservation International to jointly address the issue of the sustainable development of mangroves.


Kafa Biosphere Reserve in Ethiopia is the birthplace of wild Arabic coffee and contains close to 5 000 wild varieties of the plant in this biodiversity hotspot.

Forty years ago, forest covered some 40 percent of the Ethiopian land surface. Today, less than 3 percent remains, most of which is located in the biosphere reserve and includes large areas of mountainous afromontane cloud forest. The forest ecosystem is highly important to the livelihoods of people in the area, providing wild coffee, valuable spices and honey from wild bees. It also contains some 25 million tonnes carbon in above ground biomass. Some 600 000 tons of carbon could be removed from the atmosphere annually through natural forest growth – if the forest remains intact. But it is endangered due to clear-cutting for smallholder agriculture and industrial coffee and tea plantations.

Promoting transboundary management of natural resources in Central Africa

© UNESCO/Mama Plea
Trinational workshop in Brazzaville, Congo.

Africa is endowed with biodiversity and natural resources; however, sustainable management remains a challenge. As a result of its colonial past, the political boundaries separating African countries do not follow natural and geological features. The same landscapes and similar ecosystems traverse frontiers and are inhabited by the same communities, if not the same ethnic groups.  

UNESCO plays an active role in supporting countries to manage their shared resources beyond these boundaries. In central Africa, the organization is undertaking a feasibility study for the establishment of a transboundary biosphere reserve between Cameroon, Congo and Gabon. This is in support of an intergovernmental cooperation agreement signed in 2005 by the three countries to create and sustainably manage a homogeneous and coherent space known as the Tri-nationale Dja-Odzala-Minkébé (TRIDOM). A tri-national workshop organized by UNESCO in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism and Environment of the Republic of the Congo was held in Brazzaville, Congo on 6 June 2013 to launch the consultation process with the participation of stakeholders from the three countries.

Summer course will analyse the reality and perspectives of La Rioja Biosphere Reserve in Spain

© Gurrea
Canyon of Leza River, La Rioja

The valleys of Leza, Jubera, Cidacos and Alhama in La Rioja (Spain)were declared biosphere reserve by UNESCO in 2003. On the tenth anniversary of this declaration, the University of La Rioja Foundation is organizing a summer course from 25-27 June in Logroño, la Rioja, to promote social participation in the development of biosphere reserve management and to analyse its contribution to the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

Participants will learn about new guidelines for the protection of biodiversity, new environmental assessment techniques or planning models, and will explore the organization of territorial management in biosphere reserves. The course will also examine issues such as local socio-economic development, the branding of products and services from the reserve, sustainable tourism initiatives and comparative experiences in light pollution prevention. The last topic is of particular importance as the biosphere reserve of La Rioja has been designated Spain’s first Starlight Tourism Destination, renowned for the clarity of its night sky.

Twelve new sites added to UNESCO’s World Biosphere Reserves Network

© UNESCO/Lee Kang
Gochang biosphere reserve, Republic of Korea

The International Coordinating Council of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB), which met in Paris from 27 to 30 May, has added 12 sites to the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. The additions bring the total number of biosphere reserves to 621 in 117 countries.

Biosphere Reserves are sites chosen by the MAB Programme to experiment with different approaches to the management of terrestrial, marine and coastal resources as well as fresh water. They also serve as in situ laboratories for sustainable development.

The new biosphere reserves are: Alakol (Kazakhstan); Gochang (Republic of Korea); Great Nicobar (India); Macizo de Cajas (Ecuador); Marais Audomarois (France); Mariñas Coruñesas e Terras do Mandeo (Spain); Mont-Viso (France); Monteviso Area della Biosfera del Monviso (Italy); Real Sitio de San Ildefonso-El Espinar (Spain); Snake Island, Laotie Mountain, (China); Terres de l’Ebre, Catalonia (Spain) and Ziarat Juniper Forest (Pakistan).

Meeting of the International Coordinating Council of the MAB Programme to designate new biosphere reserves

© A. k. Makarigakis
Coffee ceremony: the roasting of coffee beans - Kafa biosphere reserve, Ethiopia

The 25th Session of the MAB International Co-ordinating Council (ICC) is taking place at UNESCO Headquarters from 27 to 30 May.

During the meeting the MAB-ICC will review progress and make important decisions concerning new sites to be included in UNESCO’s World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

There are presently 610 reserves in 117 countries, including sites as varied as Tonle Sap Lake (Cambodia), the largest freshwater lake in Asia; the Mare aux Hippopotames (Hippopotamus Lake) in Burkina Faso; the Pantanal wetland region in Brazil and Fuerteventura Island in the Canaries Archipelago of Spain. During this year’s session, the Coordinating Council will consider new sites proposed by China, Ecuador, France, India, Italy, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Spain and Uruguay.

Declaration of the Eleventh East Atlantic Biosphere Reserves Meeting

© Biosphere Reserve of Principe

The Eleventh International Meeting of the East Atlantic Biosphere Reserve Network (REDBIOS) took place at the Biosphere Reserve of the Island of Príncipe, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, from 3 to 9 May 2013.

The biosphere reserves of the REDBIOS Network agreed to reinforce their commitment to the development of the MAB programme by creating a collaborative platform that promotes and supports interaction both among the biosphere reserves, and between the reserves, the UNESCO MAB national committees, public and governmental entities, and other geographical and thematic networks within the MAB programme.

The REDBIOS Network established different priority work areas: natural resource management, education and knowledge, conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, enhancement and integrated management of the landscape, and management of quality economic processes.These areas will be supported by biosphere reserve brands and certification systems, the promotion of responsible tourism, and the use of information and communication technologies as management tools.

Scholarship available for the Online MSc Sustainable Mountain Development

A scholarship towards the costs of participating in the part-time online MSc Sustainable Mountain Development offered by the University of the Highlands and Islands, Scotland, is available for one student starting in September 2014. The course is an activity of the UNESCO Chair in Sustainable Mountain Development.
 
The scholarship will pay all fees for a student to complete the MSc. It is available to candidates who have been resident for at least three years in any European country (EU/EEA). The successful candidate will be responsible for paying all other costs (books, travel to induction and field course if attended, etc.). The scholarship has been made possible by the generosity of Lt. Col. John Moncrieff, a keen mountaineer who passed away recently.
 
The deadline for applications for the scholarship is 10 April 2014.  Short-listed applicants will be interviewed by phone in April/May 2014.
 

Just published: 2012-2013 map of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves

The new 2012-2013 map of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves shows the worldwide distribution of the 610 biosphere reserves located in 117 countries, including 12 transboundary/transcontinental sites. The map is available in English, French and Spanish, and also includes an overview of the objectives, tasks and structures of these areas.

The world map was prepared by the UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme with the generous support of the Spanish Government.

Caribbean countries committed to establish biosphere reserves

© Miguel Clüsener-Godt. From left to right: Hon. Ian Hayles (Member of Parliament of Jamaica), Hon. Nigel Carty of St. Kitts & Nevis, Hon. Kingston of Antigua & Barbuda, Hon. Silveria Jacobs, and Hon. Dr. Kenneth Darroux of the Commonwealth of Dominica.

Countries attending the Inter-Ministerial and Experts Conference on Biosphere Reserves in the Caribbean Sub-Region held in St. Kitts from 26 to 27 March 2013 have committed to establish a biosphere reserve in their respective countries.

During the conference, organized by the Government of St. Kitts & Nevis and the MAB Programme, an action plan for the next three years was established with the aim to create a network of biosphere reserves in the Caribbean Small Islands States and to promote biosphere reserves as tools for innovative projects bringing added value to the local socio-economical activities.

At a press conference after the meeting, the Ministers of Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Jamaica, St. Kitts & Nevis and St. Maarten and government representatives of Curaçao, St. Lucia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines announced their commitment to work together in the establishment of biosphere reserves in their countries.



The Government of St. Kitts & Nevis and MAB organize an Inter-Ministerial and Experts Conference on Biosphere Reserves in the Caribbean Sub-Region

© Wikimedia Commons
St Mary's church, Cayon, St Kitts

Organized by the Government of St. Kitts & Nevis and the MAB Programme, the Inter-Ministerial and Experts Conference on Biosphere Reserves in the Caribbean Sub-Region: Tools for Sustainable Development and Growth will take place in St. Kitts & Nevis from 26 to 27 March 2013. The objective of this event is to facilitate discussions on the identification of appropriate locations for new biosphere reserves as well as their integration with the local/national sustainable development and adaptation to climate change plans. The Conference aims also to encourage participants in discuss the creation of an expert network for designations of new biosphere reserves in the English-speaking Caribbean and to identify specific initiatives, which can be developed in the already existing biosphere reserve leading to the development and promotion of new products, services and employment.

Aya Biosphere Reserve officially inaugurated in Japan

© Aya Biosphere Reserve
Horse racing park in springtime

On 22 February 2013, Aya Biosphere Reserve was officially inaugurated at a national symposium in Tokyo (Japan) on the theme of UNESCO’s MAB Programme and the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. At this occasion, Mr Maeda, mayor of Aya Town, received the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve certificate from Mr T. Schaaf, Secretary of the MAB Programme.

Aya Biosphere Reserve (or 'eco-park', as it is called in Japan) was designated in July 2012 as the country’s fifth biosphere reserve. Located on the southern island of Kyushu, Aya is noted for pioneering a strict waste recycling policy which was subsequently also adopted in other communities of Japan. Over 60% of all farmers in Aya BR practise organic farming which are marketed successfully well beyond the borders of the community. Artistic handicraft products are produced based on local natural resources. The core area of the Aya Biosphere Reserve consists of a well preserved lucidophyllous forest with laurel and beech trees. An educational forest culture centre informs visitors on the forest ecosystem with its plant and animal species and traditional agricultural and forestry practises of the area.

La Selle officially declared Haiti’s first Biosphere Reserve

During a ceremony that took place in Port au Prince on 20 February 2013, and was honoured by the presence of the Minister of Environment, Mr. Jean Francois Thomas, and the Minister of Education, Mr. Vanneur Pierre, La Selle was officially declared Haiti’s first biosphere reserve.

The area includes a large number of different ecosystems and protected areas such as La Visite, one of the country's most important biodiversity sites; and the forest reserve Forêt-des-pins, Haiti’s biggest pine reserve, which is dominated by the endemic pine specie Pinus occidentalis.  Important cultural and architectural traditions are preserved in the historic city of Jacmel, which is partially included in the biosphere reserve.

Call for nominations for the ‘Elinor Ostrom Award for Collective Governance of the Commons’

© Ric Craddick, Indiana University

UNESCO/MAB, as an institutional partner of the award, is very pleased to announce the opening of the call for nomination of the Elinor Ostrom Award for Collective Governance of the Commons.

Created to honour and develop the legacy of Elinor Ostrom, the Award aims to acknowledge and promote the work of practitioners, young and senior scholars involved in the field of the commons. According with Elinor Ostrom’s large legacy the Award will go to academic and applied works on traditional, local, interlinked and global commons, knowledge, as well as cultural and virtual commons.

A new UNESCO Chair on 'Biosphere Reserves and urban environment' has been established at the Institute of Ecology in Xalapa, Mexico

The purpose of this new Chair is to contribute to the welfare of populations living in cities and in rural environments, providing them with appropriate surroundings, in recognition of the fact that collective effort in planning the use of natural and cultural capital is the best way to achieve sustainable development based on diversity.

The Chair proposed the Biosphere Reserve model as a tool to plan the physical and biological environment of the city and its environment with the participation of public citizens. This challenge is vital for Latin America, where much of the biological and cultural diversity is threatened by massive urban growth and unregulated use of the soil.

This Chair promotes development through the joint effort of the natural and social sciences to address one of the biggest challenges of our civilization - the integration of biodiversity into everyday life as a basis for fair and sustainable social, economic and environmental models of development.

Dr. Boshra Salem, president of the MAB International Coordinating Council, selected as a new member of the Women in Science Hall of Fame - 2013

© UNESCO/P. Chiang-Joo
Prof. Boshra B. Salem

The United States Department of State initiated a Women in Science Hall of Fame in 2010 to honour outstanding female scientists throughout the Middle East and North Africa. New hall of fame members are selected annually for their accomplishments, and with the hope to develop a strong network of professional women scientists across the region.  These role models also inspire girls to study science and pursue scientific careers.

Dr. Boshra Salem, president of the MAB International Coordinating Council and Chair of the Department of Environmental Sciences of the Alexandria University (Egypt), was selected as a member of the Women in Science Hall of Fame – 2013.

Flowers guide of the Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve, Lebanon

© Georges et Henriette Tohmé/ APJM

The Jabal Moussa biosphere reserve is located in the Keserwan-Jbeil area, 50 Km from Beirut, Lebanon. The biosphere reserve, which contains more than 720 plant species, is a true mosaic of ecological systems broadly representing the ‘evergreen sclerophyllous shrubland and forests’ biogeographic region within the Mediterranean biome.

The Flowers Guide of the Jabal Moussa Biosphere Reserve (Guide des belles fleurs de la réserve de biosphère de Jabal Moussa) written by Georges and Henriette Tohmé, is an excellent guide that will help visitors to identify all endemic plants of the reserve, as well as the more common and rare species, and those that are specific to the eastern Mediterranean region.

  • For more information, please contact the Association for the Protection of Jabal Moussa (APJM): info(at)jabalmoussa.org

The Teaching Resource Kit for Mountain Countries now available in Spanish

© UNESCO
Material educativo para los países situados en zonas montañosas

With a view to fostering better understanding of mountain ecosystems, the Teaching Resource Kit for Mountain Countries offers a creative approach to environmental education and is designed to arouse pupils' curiosity, to appeal to their artistic sensibilities, and to serve as a tool for more effective transmission of scientific information and environmental knowledge.

The publication was launched in English and French in 2011 thanks to the generous financial contribution of the Flemish Government of Belgium, and is now available in Spanish under the title ‘Material educativo para los países situados en zonas montañosas’.

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