Declaration on Global change affecting mountain biosphere reserves, the 'Perth Declaration'
Participants who attended the International Open Science Conference on 'Global change in mountain regions', Perth, Scotland (United Kingdom), 2-6 October 2005, signed a declaration on Global Change Affecting Mountain Biosphere Reserves also known as the Perth Declaration.
A questionnaire was devised and sent to the biosphere reserve managers in order to obtain information on the likelihood and perceived impacts of climate change in the biosphere reserves. These views and observations were represented in the final GLOCHAMORE research strategy. See below for summaries of the results:
- Questionnaire sent to the BR managers
- Questionnaire analysis - Values, Impacts and Hazards
- Questionnaire analysis - Contentious issues
The Global Observation Research Initiative in Alpine Environments (GLORIA)
The purpose of GLORIA
GLORIA establishes and maintains a world-wide long-term observation network in alpine environments. Vegetation and temperature data collected at the GLORIA sites will be used for identifying trends in species diversity and temperature. The data will be used to assess and predict losses in biodiversity and other threats to these fragile alpine ecosystems which are under accelerating climate change pressures. The GLORIA Secretariat is closely linked to the GLOCHAMORE project as it is housed within the Institute of Ecology and Conservation Biology of the University of Vienna (UNIVIE), the project leader for GLOCHAMORE. Moreover, some of the biosphere reserves taking part in the GLOCHAMORE project are already GLORIA sites and further biosphere reserves became GLORIA sites thanks to the GLOCHAMORE project. These were Araucarias Biosphere Reserve in Chile and Huascaran Biosphere Reserve in Peru. A target region in Katunsky Biosphere Reserve is currently being established and a further two target regions in China are planned.
The GLORIA field manual
This field manual represents state of the art sampling methods for the GLORIA's Multi-Summit Approach. It is based on the previous versions and was finalized on two GLORIA-EUROPE meetings by including fieldwork experience in 18 GLORIA target regions in 2001 and 2002. The manual provides the basic guidelines for a standardized field application of the GLORIA monitoring method. It was designed to be universally applicable in the world-wide range of alpine environments from polar to tropical latitudes.