Groundwater Resources Assessment under the Pressures of Humanity and Climate Change (GRAPHIC)

GRAPHIC is a UNESCO-led project, seeking to improve our understanding of how groundwater interacts within the global water cycle, how it supports ecosystems and humankind and, in turn, responds to complex and coupled pressures of human activity and climate change. GRAPHIC was developed to successfully achieve these objectives within a global context and represents a collaborative effort that serves as an umbrella for international research and education.

Through a variety of case studies, GRAPHIC outlines areas of international research, covering major geographical regions, groundwater resource topics, and methods to help advance the knowledge required to address both the scientific and social aspects of this field.


GRAPHIC promotes and advances sustainable groundwater management considering projected climate change and linked human effects.


GRAPHIC provides a platform for the exchange of information through case studies, thematic working groups, scientific research, and communication.

GRAPHIC serves the global community by providing scientifically-based and policy-relevant recommendations.

GRAPHIC uses regional and global networks to improve the capacity to manage groundwater resources.

History of the GRAPHIC programme.

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