Gender and primary education in Ethiopia (WWDR2, 2006)
As one of the poorest countries in the world, Ethiopia's ability to develop water and land resources for the promotion of socio-economic development is greatly limited by the fact that only 1 child out of 3 goes to school and about only 37% of those children are girls. Often, women and girls are responsible for carrying water from considerable distances away, and during dry periods, they walk longer distances for even smaller quantities of water of lower quality.
Although women bear the responsibility of providing water in many communities, they are excluded from important planning and decision-making in water management.
The incidence of disease related to unsafe water supply and inadequate sanitation, to which children are especially susceptible, is very high. High population growth rates, low-education levels and high rates of illiteracy have also contributed to the burden of ill-health.