Assessing the impacts of climate change in Uganda (WWDR2, 2006)
The continent of Africa warmed up by 0.5°C in the past century. The five warmest years in Africa's recorded history all occurred after 1988. Recent studies have shown that the glaciers and ice fields on Rwenzoris, one of a few of permanently ice-capped mountains in Africa, have decreased markedly both in number and size and that the rate of shrinkage has been greatest after 1990.
Malaria has for long been the leading cause of illness in Uganda, and incidences in the highlands are thirty times higher today than at the beginning of the twentieth century. Rising temperatures, in addition to heavy El Niño rains, local climate changes arising from wetland drainage, population growth and human migrations are thought to be some of the most important factors contributing to the increased incidence of malaria.
Rising temperatures also have a negative effect on the agriculture sector of Uganda. Modernizing agriculture to mitigate effects of climatic variations on rain-fed agriculture and involving stakeholders in the planning and implementation of water projects are among the water sector's key objectives in Uganda.
- Read the summary case study [bookmark pointing to full WWDR2 - PDF - 14.43 MB]
- Full case study [Uganda National Water Development Report - PDF- 3 MB]