Facts and Figures

Renewable energy resources alone are not sufficient to meet the predicted dramatic increase in energy demands through 2030

  • Industry and energy together account for 20% of water demand.
  • Demand for energy – for heat, light, power and transportation – is increasing rapidly. Also, the increase in the production of bioenergy has potentially important impacts on water quality and availability.
  • If current policies are maintained, global energy demands are expected to grow by as much as 55% through 2030, according to the International Energy Agency. China and India alone would account for about 45% of this projected increase (based on conservative economic growth figures), and developing countries overall for 74%.
  • The use of renewable energy resources has risen worldwide with technical innovation lowering costs. But since renewable energy resources alone are not sufficient to meet the predicted dramatic increase in energy demands through 2030, fossil fuel extraction and development of nuclear energy will continue to increase, as will their impacts on water resources and the environment (see Figure 3.2 below).

Related themes: Energy; Industry; Allocating Water; State of the Resource

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