Training on Gender Analysis

Laurens Thuy

Data is the lifeblood of decision-making. Nevertheless, there exists a lack of sex-disaggregated water data: less than a third of the countries disaggregate their statistics by sex on informal employment, entrepreneurship, violence against women and unpaid work. This stalls the progress in the collection of relevant scientific evidence on gender inequalities in the water realm and the development of programmes and policies that promote gender equality. Capacity development supported is needed in many countries to strengthen skills in collecting and analysing sex-disaggregated water data to inform policy making.

WWAP Capacity Training in Water and Gender
The capacity development support WWAP offers  is country- or region-specific and designed to meet the needs of different users. Altogether, up to 32 countries* have received training, of which benefited 321 participants (119 men and 202 women).

*The countries so far: South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Gabon, Morocco, Egypt, Honduras, El Salvador, South Korea, Sweden, Belgium, and France.

Governmental staff, students, local women organizations, non-governmental organizations, regional organizations including transboundary commissions, academia, etc.

The training is highly interactive including a mix of presentations, case studies and class exercises/games. The training duration may vary according to the needs of the recipient from the recommended 5 days for a complete training, up to an introductory version of 2 days only.

The training material is based upon the content of several WWAP publications, most notably the 2019 UNESCO WWAP Toolkit on Sex-disaggregated Water data, and takes benefit from the key findings of the yearly World Water Development Reports. Special focus goes to the interlinkages among SDG 5 (gender equality), SDG 6 (water and sanitation) and other related SDGs (also refer to the SDG6 Synthesis Report). Moreover, the training content incorporates other highly relevant topics such as 'gender and migration' and 'groundwater governance', based upon key findings of the WWAP Special Reports 'Migration and its interdependencies with water scarcity, gender and youth employment' as well as the 'Groundwater and Gender Governance Policy Paper' (in press).

The training program consists of 7 macro-modules:
1.    Mainstreaming gender into water to achieve the 2030 Agenda (concepts of gender, gender analysis, gender mainstreaming and 2030 agenda).
2.    Sex-disaggregated water data: why are they crucial?
3.    Gender-responsive Water Indicators and Introduction to WWAP Toolkit
4.    Gender-responsive water assessment, monitoring and reporting.
5.    From theory to practice: Planning and conducting agender survey).
6.    Linking data to information: statistical foundations.
7.    From sex-disaggregated water data to evidence-based policies.

The training programme provide trainees with specific tools and skills in order to:

  • Understand gender mainstreaming concepts, sex-disaggregated water data and indicators;
  • Plan and conduct gender surveys on water-related topics;
  • Record and analyse sex-disaggregated raw data;
  • Be capable of integrating a gender component and conducting gender analysis in water projects, programmes and policies;
  • Be able to use evidence in the policy-making process;
  • Appreciate the interlinkages among SDG 5 (gender equality) and SDG 6 (water and sanitation) and other related SDGs;
  • Share the acquired knowledge with colleagues, leaders, students and other relevant persons.


“We have learned about critical indicators for conducting gender-responsive water assessment, monitoring and reporting. Sex-disaggregated water data are key to informing policies and frameworks that aim to address gender inequality in the water sector” - Ms. Sofía Novoa, Head of the Gender Unit of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, participating in the workshop in El Salvador.

"I believe that a shift in mindset is required for both men and women to challenge gender-based discrimination in the water realm. In addition, women should be empowered to voice their concerns and interests and appropriate mechanisms should be in place to ensure they fully participate in decision-making processes related to water use and management” -  Mr. Ntokozo Khanyile, Department of Water and Sanitation Affairs, Ministry of Water and Sanitation, participating in the gender workshop in South Africa.

“I teach a course entitled Water, Human Security and Development wherein a module is devoted to 'Gender and Water'. Through the application of WWAP Toolkit, students are able to produce gender-sensitive basin management plans. The methodology and tools developed by WWAP on the collection and analysis of sex-disaggregated water data are instrumental in developing data-driven plans and policies that take into account men’s and women’s needs and interests.” - Mr. Larry A. Swatuk, Professor, School of Environment, Enterprise and Development (SEED). Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo, Canada.

The training is given by experienced WWAP staff or certified trainers only.
For more information and/or to request capacity development support:

Mrs. Michela Miletto, WWAP Deputy Coordinator and Gender Focal Point
+ 39 075 591 10 12

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