WWDR 2014 Structure and Contents

The World Water Development Report 2014 on Water and Energy comprises two volumes.

The first volume provides a comprehensive overview of major and emerging trends from around the world, with examples of how some of the trend-related challenges have been addressed, their implications for policy-makers, and further actions that can be taken by stakeholders and the international community.

The second volume “Facing the Challenges” presents 13 illustrative case studies and includes a water and energy data and indicators annex.

For a sneak peek at the WWDR 2014’s contents, watch the video of the teaser presentation by Lead Author Rick Connor at the World Water Week in Stockholm in September 2013 below. The Power Point can also be accessed here.


Part 1 ‘Status, trends and challenges’

Part 1 explores current and future challenges of sustainable development in the context of ever-increasing demands for water and energy.

Chapter 1 describes many of the complex interlinkages between the water and energy domains from varied perspectives, highlighting their interdependencies and differences, as well as their relationships to other developmental sectors.

Chapter 2 focuses on water, examining current and future demand and the pressures that drive demand as well as the energy requirements for the provision of water services. The chapter also provides a snapshot of the state of water resources using the latest information available.

Chapter 3 examines sources of energy, both renewable and non-renewable, and existing means of power generation in terms of their current and future contribution to the global energy mix and their impact on water.

Chapter 4 focuses on data and knowledge issues directly related to the water–energy nexus, highlighting the need to generate and harmonize data concerning the supply and use of water and energy production.

Part 2, the ‘Thematic focus’

Part 2 narrows the examination of water and energy into five specific themes.

Chapter 5 looks into the economic aspects of water and energy infrastructure in developed and developing countries, highlighting some opportunities for synergies in infrastructure development, operation and maintenance.

Chapter 6 presents the challenges and response options faced by food and agriculture, including biofuels, in relation to water and energy.

Chapter 7 focuses on the particular difficulties facing the large and rapidly expanding cities in developing countries.

Chapter 8 describes the role of industry as both a user of water and energy but also a potential leader in the development of innovative approaches to efficiency.

Chapter 9 argues that ecosystems are the foundation of the water–energy nexus and that an ecosystem approach is vital for green growth.

Part 3, ‘Regional aspects’

Chapter 10 presents issues of concern for Europe and North America, from expanding hydropower and its related conflicts to the development of unconventional sources of oil and gas.

Chapter 11 describes how increasing reliance on coal and the development of biofuel in the Asia-Pacific region will impact on water resources and other users.

Chapter 12 addresses the need to increase knowledge and raise awareness for policy coherence and the potential of certain water supply and treatment technologies in the Arab region.

Chapter 13 examines hydropower development and the energy requirements for water services in Latin America and the Caribbean. 

Chapter 14 highlights the urgent need to increase access to electricity in sub-Saharan Africa where the undeveloped potential for hydropower is the greatest of any region.

Part 4, ‘Responses: Fostering synergies and managing trade-offs’

Part 4 describes how policy-makers, decision-makers and practitioners can respond to the dilemmas, risks and opportunities presented in the first three parts of the Report.

Chapter 15 proposes a hierarchy of actions that together make up the enabling environment necessary to bring about the changes needed for the sustainable and mutually compatible development of water and energy. These actions include overcoming the barriers that exist between the two domains, using economic instruments appropriately, and optimizing the role of the United Nations system and the international community.

The Report concludes with Chapter 16, in which the interplay of water and energy, and the scope for fostering synergies and managing trade-offs between them, is illustrated in the contexts of agriculture, industry, cities, ecosystems and power generation. 


VOLUME 2 - Case Studies: "Facing the Challenges"

The thirteen case studies featured in this volume bolster the critical findings of the report by illustrating that an array of opportunities exist to exploit the benefits of synergies, such as energy recovery from sewerage water, the use of solar energy for wastewater treatment, and electricity production at ‘drinking water power plants’. These examples also showcase alternatives to fossil fuel-based energy production, including hydropower development, geothermal energy, solar power and biogas. The case studies include:

  1. Gulf countries: Desalination
  2. India: Thermal power plants
  3. Austin, TX, USA
  4. Eastern Herzegovina and Trebišnjica Hydropower System
  5. China: Three Gorges Dam project
  6. Korea: Small hydro power plants
  7. Japan: Hydropower
  8. Turkey: Geothermal energy
  9. Kenya: Geothermal energy
  10. Italy: Geothermal energy
  11. Austria: Green energy production
  12. Japan: Wastewater reclamation
  13. Mexico: PV wastewater treatment plant
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