WWDR 2015 Structure and Content

The 2015 edition of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR), titled Water for a Sustainable World, demonstrates how water resources and services are essential to achieving global sustainability.Taking account of economic growth, social equity and environmental sustainability, the report’s forward-looking narrative describes how major challenges and change factors in the modern world will affect – and can be affected by – water resources, services and related benefits. The report provides a comprehensive overview of major and emerging trends from around the world, with examples of how some of the trend‐related challenges have been addressed, their implications for policy‐makers, and further actions that can be taken by stakeholders and the international community.

 

Part 1 'Water and The Three Dimension Of Sustainable Development'

The report begins by describing a world in the not-so-distant future in which water resources and water-related services are managed in such a way that the benefits derived from water and maximized and shared equitably throughout the world. This vision is not merely a fictional utopian outlook; it is a future that is entirely achievable, a future in which water is recognized and managed as the fundamental resource that supports all aspects of sustainable development. This vision represents a new and innovative approach to the WWDR, prompting readers to reflect on how our world could be, provided appropriate changes are made to the way water resources are perceived and managed.

Part 1 of this Report, presented in three chapters, explores the complex linkages between water and the three dimensions of sustainable development.

Chapter 2 examines water and the social dimension of sustainable development with a focus on poverty. Chapter 3 presents a series of sound arguments that show how water is a central pillar of sustainable economic growth.
Chapter 4 describes the fundamental and irreplaceable role of ecosystems and the services they provide in the context of water and sustainable development.

 

Part 2 “Addressing Critical and Developmental Challenges”

Part 2 of this Report defines critical ‘challenge areas’ where policies and
actions at the core of sustainable development can be strengthened or weakened through water.  
Chapter 5 reflects on the role of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in achieving sustainable development and outlines key challenges to achieving sustained universal coverage.
Chapter 6 covers the challenges associated with rapid urbanization, describing how cities provide opportunities for more sustainable use of water.
Chapter 7 focuses on what is required to achieve a world free from hunger and malnutrition in a sustainable manner.
Chapter 8 addresses the challenges of meeting rising energy demands without compromising the sustainability of freshwater resources.
Chapter 9 examines water’s role in the pursuit of sustainable industrial development. Finally, Chapter 10 describes how sustainable freshwater resources management is affected by climate variability and change.

Part 3 “Regions”

Part 3 of the report examines the challenges and opportunities most relevant to specific regions of the world.
The five regional chapters cover Europe and North America, Asia and the Pacific, the Arab region, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Africa. The delineation of the five regions follows the regional division of the United Nations regional economic commissions UNECE, UNESCAP, UNESCWA, UNECLAC and UNECA.

Part 4 “ Responses and implementation”

This part of the report presents a roadmap of potential responses, solution options and means of implementation that can be adopted to foster progress. Since the challenges vary across the planet in both nature and scope, it is incumbent upon stakeholders and decision-makers in each region, country, basin and community to identify the most appropriate mix of options for their particular situation. Implementing such action is necessary to ensure sustainable water management and a mandatory path on the route towards sustainable development.

Facing the Challanges, Case Study and Indicators

This publication is UNESCO’s contribution to the 2015 edition of the United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR 2015), with the aims to provide selected examples of country perspectives and experiences.
Seven case studies highlight not only good practices, innovative approaches and promising commitments but also the negative consequences of one-sided sectoral approaches and unsustainable responses to water demand.
The case studies include:

1.    Towards sustainable groundwater management in Asian cities
2.    The Cultivating Good Water programme in the Paraná River basin, Brazil
3.    Sustainable water resources management in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries
4.    River contracts for sustainable development in the Italian context: The Serchio River case study
5.    Challenges to freshwater security in the Pacific Small Island Developing States: Focus on saltwater    intrusion in Samoa
6.    Water recycling in Singapore
7.    Progress on sustainable development objectives in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

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