Normative Action

Underpinning UNESCO’s contribution to the implementation of actions under ‘Culture’ in the Mauritius Strategy are several international legal instruments that have been adopted by the Organization for protecting the world’s cultural heritage: These legal instruments include:

  • Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (The Hague, 1954) and its two Protocols (1954 and 1999);
  • 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property;
  • 1972 Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (the World Heritage Convention);
  • 2001 Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity;
  • 2001 Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage;
  • 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage;
  • 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expression.

In terms of proposed actions in 2005 onwards, special emphasis is being given to encouraging the ratification by small-island nations of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. As part of this process, regional meetings in different SIDS regions of the world are held .

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