NGO Initiatives

Several international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) associated with UNESCO carry out projects linked to tourism in particular island regions and settings.

The International Scientific Council for Island Development (INSULA) provides support to field projects, conferences and publications on various dimensions of sustainable tourism in small island settings. Specific activities include the servicing of a 'Sustainable Tourism Web Ring' and international conferences on such topics as renewable energy, desalination and the tourism sector or sustainable hotels for sustainable tourism. Tourism-related topics also feature in many issues of INSULA's International Journal of Island Affairs, such as those devoted to tourism and tourism services (November 1999) and to tourism in cold islands (2007).

Another example is a study on the effects on tourism on biodiversity in coastal and island regions, carried out by ICSU's Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) and its project on Environment in a Global Information Society (EGIS). One output of the project was a multi-authored volume on tourism, biodiversity and information, which includes case studies and experiences from such settings as the Canaries , Easter Island, Galapagos, Hawaii, Malta, Polynesia and the Seychelles (di Castri, F.; Balaji, V. (eds). 2002. Tourism, Biodiversity and Information. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden.

A third example is the 'International Cultural Tourism Charter: Managing Cultural Tourism at Places of Heritage Significance', adopted by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) at its General Assembly in Mexico, in October 1999. The charter comprises six principles and introductory paragraphs on the dynamic interaction between tourism and cultural heritage and the ethos and objectives of the charter.

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