Chapter Summaries

Introduction (pdf)  • Contents (pdf)  • Whole Report (pdf)

Chapter One: What is Engineering?

  • Defines engineering and engineers.
  • Illustrates how engineering differs from the science and technology fields.
  • Provides an overview of the various engineering fields (ex. agricultural, chemical, civil, etc.).
  • Highlights the different qualifications of the engineering profession.

Chapter Two: Engineering and Human Development

  • Offers a brief history of UNESCO’s involvement in the engineering sector.
  • Describes the roles of engineers in contemporary socio-economic development, including issues such as alleviating poverty and mitigating climate change through sustainable growth and adaptation.
  • Discusses the social and corporate responsibility of engineers.

Chapter Three: Engineering: Emerging Issues and Challenges

  • Highlights a number of emerging issues that engineers face, including sustainable development, urbanization, globalization, bioengineering and recent advancements in the energy and information sectors.
  • Emphasizes the roles of engineers in reducing greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate climate change.
  • Notes the importance of public engagement and the media in engineering projects.

Chapter Four: An Overview of Engineering

  • Indicates the need for international data on engineering as separate from the science and technology sectors.
  • Highlights the role of engineers in international development.
  • Examines engineering education studies and women in engineering.
  • Provides an in-depth examination of the civil, mechanical, electrical, chemical, environmental, agricultural and medical engineering fields.
  • Offers a list of professional engineering organizations involved in policy development, youth participation, research, etc.
  • Presents macro-statistics (obtained from the OECD and Eurostat data) that demonstrate how:
    • Overall, enrolment in engineering studies has increased over the last decade.
    • The enrolment in engineering studies has declined, when compared to enrolment in other disciplines, at the tertiary level. (This points to more people receiving a tertiary education rather than an increased interest in the engineering field.)
    • Despite more females studying engineering, their proportions to male graduates are still low.
    • It is difficult to create a transnational generalization about engineering, given the differences that exist in each country and in each region.

Chapter Five: Engineering around the World

  • Reports on the engineering sector in selected countries from five global regions: Africa, the Arab States, Asia and Pacific, Europe and the Americas and the Caribbean. These country perspectives include information on key organizations that address engineering issues within the country.
  • Presents demographic information, current situations and future trends within the country.

Chapter Six: Engineering for Development: Applications and Infrastructure

  • Demonstrates how engineering is necessary to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), poverty reduction, sustainable development, climate change and emergency relief.
  • Highlights the importance of engineering to social infrastructure including sanitation, environmental health, transportation and communication.
  • Focuses on the role of engineers in infrastructure improvement in developing countries.

Chapter Seven: Engineering Capacity: Education, Training and Mobility

  • Emphasizes the importance of engineering education.
  • Shows the extent of brain drain occurring in developing nations.
  • Highlights the various professional standard and accreditation organizations in the engineering field.
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