IOC cooperates with the first Advisory Opinion of ITLOS
The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) weighed in on the questions of the transfer of marine technology and conduct of marine science research to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) in its first Advisory Opinion
IOC weighed in on the questions of the transfer of marine technology and conduct of marine science research to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS). In interpreting criteria and guidelines on Marine Scientific Research and Transfer of Marine Technology, the IOC advocated a precautionary approach, recognizing the importance of technology transfer, ocean preservation and the common heritage of mankind as the overall principles governing activities in the Area. The ITLOS opinion focused on the Responsibilities and Obligations of States sponsoring persons and entities with respect to activities beyond 200 nautical miles from the coast, the Area, which is common heritage of mankind. The Tribunal clarified the responsibilities of States when sponsoring entities to exploit the Area.
The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO was invited to contribute to the proceedings of the first Advisory Opinion of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) by providing statements on the scientific aspects related to the questions submitted to the Tribunal. The ITLOS was constituted by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea as a mean for the settlement of disputes on issues related to Law of the Sea. On 1 February 2011, the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea released its first Advisory Opinion, which does not have the effect of resolving a specific legal case, but merely advises on the interpretation of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
More information is available at: http://www.itlos.org/start2_en.html