Science: driver of economic development
Science, technology (S&T), engineering and innovation are the main drivers of sustainable growth, economic development and ultimately peace and security. Finding new solutions to sustainable growth through the ‘green economy’ will be the challenge of the 21st century through investment and building capacity in S&T and engineering.
UNESCO’s programmes in science policy, engineering and university-industry partnerships encourage investment in science education and scientific research to ultimately translate into employment and prosperity. Discover more about UNESCO’s programmes in these fields.
The UNESCO Assistant-Director General for Natural Sciences, Gretchen Kalonji will participate in the Annual Meeting of the New Champions, “Summer Davos” in Tianjin China, the foremost global business gathering in Asia. The theme of this year’s meeting is ‘Driving Growth through Sustainability’. The meeting with the personal support of Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, convenes over 1000 participants including CEOs from Forum Partners and member companies together with up-and-coming leaders from business, politics, science and technology from 80 countries.
UNESCO through its programmes in science policy promotes the wise investment in S&T in its Member States to promote sustainable growth, aims to improve the quality of universities in developing countries and encourages them to be the springboard for creating innovative enterprises through the creation of science parks. It also monitors investment in S&T around the world through the UNESCO Science Report, and encourages the development of human and institutional capacities in engineering, focusing on the alleviation of poverty.
The challenge for the future is to focus efforts on how government, business and the science community can collaborate to accelerate the development and adoption of critical environmental technologies for a ‘green economy’. The ‘green economy’ describes the recent business trend towards the production of environmentally-friendly goods and services that are more sustainable in the long term and can thus moderate climate change. Examples of green economy industries include: renewable energy production, green transportation, carbon capture, green building practices, organic agriculture and eco-tourism. It is a rapidly growing and increasingly important sector of the global economy.
- World Economic Forum - 'Summer Davos'
- UNESCO's Science Policy Programme
- UNESCO's Engineering Programme
- UNESCO Science Report 2010
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