The Development of Albanian S&T Policy

Introduction

Project ALB 93/008 was designed to assist what was originally the Committee on Science and Technology of the Government of Albania and is now, as of July 1996, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. It encompasses elements of training, study tours and technical assistance. In July of 1996, Mullin Consulting Ltd of Canada was retained to organise the provision of advice on four identified topics:

  • the formulation of national science policy;
  • international relations in science and technology;
  • science and technology statistics; and
  • the formulation of a science budget for the Government of Albania.

The work was carried out by Mr J. Mullin of Mullin Consulting Ltd (topics 1 and 2) and Mr J.A.D. Holbrook of the Centre for Policy Research on Science and Technology, Simon Fraser University (topics 2 and 4). Field work was carried out in Tirana during the period of July 28 to August 9, 1996, and this period encompassed the first major workshop on S&T Policy held by the Government of Albania.

The aims of the mission, in each of the four topic areas, were

  • to assess the current state of work on the topics in Albania;
  • to provide comparative information on activities in other countries at different levels of development; and
  • to make suggestions to the government of Albania on desirable future activities in each of the topic areas.

During the period of the Mission, interviews were conducted with senior officials of;

  • the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research;
  • the Ministry of Industry, Transport and Trade;
  • the Ministry of Agriculture and Food;
  • the Ministry of Mineral and Energy Resources;
  • the Ministry of Finance;
  • the Academy of Sciences;
  • The Institute for Informatics and Applied Mathematics of the Academy of Sciences;
  • The Centre for Information and Documentation of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research;
  • the Institute of Statistics, which is responsible to the Prime Minister and to the Council of Ministers;
  • the Institute of Mining and Processing Technology of the Ministry of Mineral and Energy Resources;
  • the Institute for Chemical Technology of the Ministry of Industry, Transport and Trade.

The two Mission members wish to express their gratitude to all of the officials who participated in the interviews, for their openness and patience in the face of many questions.

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