Canada’s challenge: to develop a ‘knowledge culture’ in its enterprises
With the USA next door, Canada cannot afford to be complacent. Today, a steady investment in R&D appears to be paying off: between 2002 and 2008, the number of Canadian scientific publications in Thomson Reuters’ Science Citation Index grew by nearly 14 000.
However, if Canada can boast of a dynamic academic sector and generous public spending on STI and R&D, many businesses have not yet assimilated a ‘knowledge creation’ culture. Canada’s productivity problem is first and foremost a business innovation problem. The result of the poor R&D performance in business is that academic research often appears to be a surrogate for industrial R&D.
The federal government has set out to foster public–private partnerships recently via two successful initiatives: an agreement between the federal government and the Association of Canadian Universities and Colleges to double the volume of research and triple the number of research results which are commercialized; and the Network of Centres of Excellence, which now total 17 across the country.
Read the chapter on Canada in the UNESCO Science Report 2010