Geohazard Risk Reduction

School damage after the Sichuan earthquake, China, 2008

©UNESCO/T. Imamura
School damage after the Sichuan earthquake, China, 2008

A geohazard is a geological state that may lead to widespread damage or risk. Geohazards are geological and environmental conditions and involve long-term or short-term geological processes. Geohazards include earthquakes, volcanic activity, landslides, tsunamis, etc. and can range from local events such as a rock slide or coastal erosion to events that threaten humankind such as a supervolcano or meteorite impact. Earth scientists undertake research to better understand these hazards and contribute to risk management policies related to social and technical issues associated with geohazards as well as disaster mitigation.

UNESCO’s work on Geohazard Risk Reduction operates in accordance with the four Priorities for Action of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030:

  • Priority 1: Understanding disaster risk
  • Priority 2: Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
  • Priority 3: Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience
  • Priority 4: Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to Build Back Better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.
Training on HAZUS software, Ankara, Turkey 2010

©UNESCO/J.Torres
Training on HAZUS software, Ankara, Turkey 2010

In particular, UNESCO focuses its activities on:

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