Early Warning Systems for Geohazard Risk Reduction

© UNESCO / Bernardo Aliaga
2014 Simulation exercise for the Tsunami and other Coastal Hazards Warning System for the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions.

UNESCO promotes scientific exchange and collaborative efforts in order to establish effective early warning systems for different hazards such as landslides, volcanoes and earthquakes. UNESCO helps Member States to collectively achieve effective early warning and monitoring helps coordination between existing research centers and educates communities at risk about preparedness measures, including setting up warning and emergency response Standard Operating Procedures and community drill exercises. UNESCO promotes community-based approaches in the development of response plans and awareness campaigns which strongly involve educational institutions and end-users.

UNESCO projects

  • International Consortium on Landslides (ICL): The ICL is a non-governmental and non-profit scientific organization established in Kyoto with help of UNESCO, which focuses on landslide research and capacity building. It is committed to integrating landslide sciences and technology within the appropriate cultural and social contexts and to develop landslide monitoring networks, including landslide early warning systems.
  • Tsunami Warning Systems: Created under the auspices of IOC-UNESCO, Tsunami Warning Systems help Member States to establish tsunami warning and response mechanisms. There are 4 active regional systems for the Pacific, the Caribbean and Adjacent Regions, the Indian Ocean and the Northeast Atlantic and connected seas.
  • International Platform on Earthquake Early Warning Systems (IP-EEWS): UNESCO is launching a new initiative that aims to promote the development of Earthquake Early Warning for earthquake-prone regions in the overarching effort to strengthen communities’ preparedness and resilience against natural hazards.
  • Improving Resilience to Emergencies through Advanced Cyber Technologies(I-REACT): I-REACT aims to use social media, smartphones and wearables to improve disaster risk management. It will integrate multiple existing systems and European assets to facilitate early planning of disaster risk reduction activities. I-REACT will be the first European-wide platform to integrate emergency management data coming from multiple sources, including that provided by citizens through social media and crowdsourcing. This way, the system will enable to produce information faster and allow citizens, civil protection services and policymakers to effectively prevent and/or react against natural hazards. The project is led by the Istituto Superiore Mario Boella (ISMB) and involves 20 EU scientific partners from nine countries.
Back to top