Ecological and Earth Sciences

© UNESCO/R. Beri

UNESCO New Delhi uses the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR) to promote environmental sustainability and addresses conflicts between environment and development, in the Cluster countries.

Establishment of national Man and Biosphere (MAB) committees or focal points in countries where they do not exist is encouraged for development of programmes and for implementation of recommendations made during regional network meetings.

A number of important initiatives have been undertaken such as a subregional training programme on planning, management and exchange of experience in applying the 'biosphere reserve concept' to coastal areas and small islands with emphasis on the Gulf of Mannar between India and Sri Lanka, a multi‐disciplinary, multi‐institutional research programme initiated in 2000 on people centered land use development in shifting agriculture affected buffer zones of Namdapha National Park in the state of Arunachal Pradesh and the "World Heritage Biodiversity Programme" initiated in 2005, started to be implemented in four World Natural Heritage sites in 2007

Coastal and Small Islands (CSI) is a global platform for environmentally sound, socially equitable, culturally respectful and economically viable development in coastal regions and small islands. The driving force and main goal are the mitigation and management of conflicts over coastal resources and values. Through the CSI platform, wise coastal practices for sustainable human development are exchanged, the voices of small islands amplified, indigenous knowledge mobilized for equitable resource governance, and youth given a say.

UNESCO Chairs:

UNESCO Chair at Earthen Architecture at Auroville, Tamil Nadu, established in 2007.

UNESCO Chair for Climate Science and Policy, at TERI University, New Delhi (2012)

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