Earth Sciences

Reserva de Biosfera El Beni, Bolivia

© Reserva de Biosfera El Beni, Bolivia

The main conductor of UNESCO´s work in earth sciences is the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB), launched in 1971 as an intergovernmental and interdisciplinary initiative.

The programme progresses through extensive networks and alliances within the framework of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR), as well as through thematic networks with a variety of public and private institutions, to generate and promote information and scientific knowledge exchange.

The WNBR is a unique resource both for UNESCO as for the United Nations system in general, which purpose is to test, oversee and evaluate how human beings can promote sustainable development for the planet, tackling and resolving the increasing number of environmental challenges (including climate change and biodiversity lost) as well as social challenges and the ones related to economic growth.

Moreover, the biosphere reserves of UNESCO ensure the lasting provision and sustainability of ecosystem services, threatened by climate change and by the unprecedented exploitation of natural resources, with as ultimate goal to reverse the ecosystems degradation, and at the same time to meet the major demands of their services through a sustainable use of natural resources.

The main resource to achieve those goals is capacity development, and training and educational initiatives in environmental sciences, for the institutional system as well as for formal education al systems and the public in general.

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