Strategies 2015-2025

After a long participatory process and taking as basis the previous strategic documents of the MAB Programme (Seville Strategy, Madrid Plan of Action), the MAB Strategy for the period 2015-2025 was approved during the 38th UNESCO General Conference. Its objective is to intensify the support given by the Member States in conserving biodiversity, restoring and improving the ecosystem services and promoting sustainable use of natural resources; creating sustainable, healthy and fair economies and societies, as well as prosperous human settlements; and empowering people in order to mitigate the effects of climate change and other aspects of global environmental change to adjust to it.

For the next 10 years, the MAB programme will ensure that its World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR) offers efficient operational models for sustainable development, improving governance, collaboration and the creation of networks within the MAB programme and the RMRB, besides searching for external partnerships to achieve long-term viability.

The strategy includes the following objectives:

Objective 1. To preserve biodiversity, to restore and improve the ecosystem services and to promote sustainable use of natural resources:

Biodiversity is a guarantee that fosters/promotes human welfare, nowadays threatened by human development and the unsustainable consumption and production patterns. This is why better governance and management of natural resources is required.

Objective 2. To contribute to building healthy and fair economies and societies, and prosperous human settlements in harmony with biosphere:

To achieve it, it is necessary to have a very good knowledge of natural and cultural heritage, to take into account socioeconomic realities and to apply innovative methods to increase resilience. Through the WNBR, the MAB programme supports the transition to prosperous economies and sustainable societies.

Objective 3. To facilitate science on biodiversity and sustainability, education for sustainable development and building capacities:

Sustainability science has a comprehensive approach which is based on the scientific and traditional range of knowledge, from a transdisciplinary point of view to address the issue of sustainable development. It requires, for the biosphere reserves, a collaboration between all stakeholders, meaning: scientists, policy-makers, members from local communities and the private sector. At the same time, biosphere reserves play an essential role in generating scientific knowledge, in defining the best practices and strengthening the connection between science, politics, education and sustainable development training/training for sustainable development.

Objective 4. To encourage the mitigation of climate change effects and other aspects of global environmental change and its adaptation process:

By recognizing the importance of biosphere reserves in mitigating climate change and adjusting to its effects, special attention should be given to the capacities offered by the MAB Programme and biosphere reserves on this issue, improving and integrating their contributions to national and international strategies and policies in relation with climate, biodiversity loss, desertification and the deterioration of terrestrial and hydrological resources.

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