Risk management

The losses, which are constantly increasing, are caused by natural disasters like earthquakes, floods, landslides, volcanic eruptions, windstorms, droughts and desertification and represent an important challenge for UNESCO Member States, especially for developing countries.

UNESCO maintains a strong focus on Disaster risk reduction (DRR) that is considered as the most cost-effective means to mitigating the effects of natural disasters and saving lives, heritage and infrastructures.

With this purpose, UNESCO is committed to implementing a conceptual change: from a thought only based on a post-disaster reaction to pre-disaster action.

UNESCO has been a catalyst for interdisciplinary international cooperation in many aspects of natural disaster reduction and mitigation, whether working alone or in partnership with other UN agencies and/or other scientific entities. Operating at the interface between natural and social sciences, education, culture and communication, UNESCO has a vital role to play in constructing a global culture of resilient communities in a transdisciplinary and interdisciplinary way.

The work in the Organization is carried out and implemented through its different sectors, the Field Offices, the designated and affiliated sites, the Category I and II Centers, and the UNESCO Chairs and Networks, according to the 2015-2030 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Risk disaster management and building resilience is essential for the region of Latin America and the Caribbean: climate changes have affected precipitation patterns and the frequency and intensity of hurricanes, as well as the El Niño phenomenon which happens in most of the countries of the region, provoking floods, droughts and other associated phenomena. Those happenings have a critical impact, such as human victims, economic and welfare losses, weighing down regional development.

In this context, the Regional Office for Sciences in Latin America and the Caribbean tries to provide policy and technical support advice for the achievement of the region´s aspirations in promoting human and institutional capacities for the issues relating to equal access to water, integral management of natural disaster risk, to boost the early warning system and create risk-resilient societies.

In accordance with this necessity, the Office established a Regional Unity for Risk Management that will coordinate the intra and inter sectoral efforts for the follow-up of UNESCO mandates in this field, to be useful to Member States in implementing the Sendai Framework.

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