IHP Goals in Latin America and the Caribbean

The International Hydrological Programme acts as a vehicle through which the Member States, the scientific and professional entities, the experts and the decision makers can broaden their knowledge on the water cycle, therefore increasing their ability to ensure better management and make better use of water resources.

This can be achieved by:

  • Developing techniques, methodologies and approaches that prone to improve hydrological knowledge of phenomena
  • Supporting water management at both local and global scale
  • Stimulating cooperation and dialogue in sciences and water management
  • Raising awareness in certain areas with regards to the main global water-related challenges

Implementation mechanisms

The strategic planning, definition of priorities and the supervision of the execution of IHP are achieved through the Intergovernmental Council. The IHP Bureau coordinates the Council´s actions between two consecutive session periods. The Programme implementation for LAC Member States is carried out through global and regional initiatives, in coordination with the National Committees or Focal Points. Governmental organisms related to water resources, the academic sector, research institutes, NGOs and institutions working on hydrology, hydraulics and water quality at international and regional levels also collaborate on its implementation.

The IHP-LAC has a solid network that includes six Centers of the second category, six Chairs relating to water and a distinguished group of scientists and experts that bring their experience to the network in key-knowledge areas.

The IHP is carried out through several six-year phases that ensure that the Programme is well adapted to global and local necessities in water resources. This type of work with medium-term goals allows a periodic review of the approach of the Programme by giving it flexibility in its capacity to incorporate new issues that reflect the requirements in a dynamic world. The IHP is currently implementing its 8th Phase.

Phase VIII: “Water security: Responses to local, regional and global challenges” (2014-2021)

Water is essential to life. The possibility of having access to this resource and to efficiently protect life and material goods against water-related risks (floods, droughts, runoffs, land subsidence and other hydrological repercussions) – as water security – is a growing preoccupation in view of the demographic growth, the unrestrained urban expansion, the significant changes in land use and the degradation of water quality.

During Phase VIII, the IHP will focus its efforts on water security by dealing with local, regional and global difficulties. The main issues are the following:

 

  1. Disasters linked to water and the hydrological changes
  2. Groundwater in a changing environment
  3. How to address the issues of water shortage and quality
  4. Water and human settlements in the future
  5. Eco hydrology: harmony for a sustainable world
  6. Water education, key to water security

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