Water for Human Settlements

One of the greatest challenges of the 21st century is to improve the quality of drinking water and have universal basic sanitation. Today, nearly one billion people lack access to improved water sources and more than 2,600 million people lack access to basic sanitation; almost all of them live in cities in developing countries.

The cities of the future will have difficulties in the efficient management of increasingly scarce and less reliable water resources and in providing access to sanitation. For this reason, strategies to develop efficient urban water systems must adopt a broader perspective that recognizes the interdependence of different water systems. It is necessary to develop new approaches for the management of water resources in the cities of the future. The objectives in this area are to implement new technologies, promote a more integrated management, improve planning in developing countries and integrate management in settlements both urban and rural.

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