Water scarcity and quality

Water scarcity is a natural as well as human-induced phenomenon. Although there is sufficient freshwater reserve to meet the needs of the world's population, its distribution is not equitable and in some cases is wasted, contaminated or affected by improper management with detrimental effects on communities. As a result, a large number of regions suffer from water shortages in today's world.

About one-fifth of the world's population (1.2 billion) live in areas that face water shortages, and another quarter of the world's population (1.6 billion) face cuts in water supply due to insufficient infrastructure to source water from rivers and aquifers.

In addition, climate change and phenomena such as accelerated urbanization, increased intensity of agricultural activities, can worsen water scarcity, and thus affecting the availability of freshwater resources. The deterioration of water quality renders it unfit for human consumption by reducing its abundance and causing harmful effects on the health of those who consume it under those conditions.

This is why it is highly important to develop programs that aim to the protection of the environment, the conservation of hydric resources and its efficient management. IHP can contribute in a meaningful way towards the comprehension and the management of the water quality in the developing world through the improvement of the governance, planning and efficient use of the hydric resources. Also by promoting instruments of participation and the developing of consciousness in intervenient parts oriented to the resolution of conflict.

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