In addition to its main five thematic areas of action, UNESCO also acts within a range of interdisciplinary, crosscutting, mainstreaming and priority focused themes. The Office's focus in these activities is within the context of priority Africa and Priority Gender Equality. The activities are aimed at supporting education sector responses to HIV and AIDS in Member States as well as advocacy against HIV Stigma and Discrimination in learning institutions.
For Priority Gender Equality, the office lays emphasis on enhancing participation of girls and women in science, technology and innovation through gender mainstreaming, mentoring, provision of fellowship grants and capacity building activities. Support is given to Member States and Scientific Networks of Women Scientists to ensure successful realization of this objective. UNESCO Nairobi's activities within these special areas are as follows:
- HIV and AIDS