UNESCO Joins to support the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport in Enhancing National and Sub-National Capacity to Deliver Comprehensive and Quality Sexuality Education
In order to contribute to the achievement of its Strategic Plan for HIV 2008-2013 as well as National Strategic Plan for a Comprehensive and Multi-Sectoral Response to HIV and AIDS, the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport has increased the significant effort to implement a more comprehensive and quality sexuality education to improve the knowledge of young men and women of HIV prevention through a comprehensive sexuality education in formal educational settings.
Since 2011, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has joined together with the United Nations Population Funds (UNFPA) and NGO Partners including Reproductive Health Organization of Cambodia (RHAC) and KHANA, to provide both financial and technical assistance to Inter-Departmental Committee for HIV/ AIDS and Drugs of Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport (ICHAD) to revise and develop curriculum on HIV prevention and sexuality education for primary (grade 5 and 6), secondary level (grade 7, 8, 10 and 11) and non-formal education (out-of-school youth). The revision and development of the curriculum is one among four main strategic effort of ICHAD to promote and deliver a more comprehensive and quality HIV and Sexuality Education. This development has been made in accordance with the recommendations of Impact Assessment of HIV Life Skills Programme (2009-2010) of MoEYS, the concepts of the International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education of UNESCO.
The first draft of HIV and Sexuality Education curriculum was completed in the first quarter of 2012. It was reviewed by the Technical Secretariat of ICHAD and the Technical Reference Group which is composed of a number of technical representatives and experts from the Ministry of Women’s Affairs, National Aids Authority (NAA), Primary, Secondary, Non-Formal Education, Curriculum Development Departments of MoEYS, UNESCO, UNFPA, Reproductive Health Association of Cambodia (RHAC) and other NGOs.
Following the completion of the above review, a Technical Writing Workshop was organised in Sihanouk Province, 13-15 June, 2012, to provide final technical review and relevant practical editing for finalizing curriculum. The workshop specifically aimed to ensure that the revised curriculum incorporated comprehensive sexuality education, especially the learning components suggested by International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (ITGSE) and is aligned and responds to the National Guideline for Curriculum Development of MoEYS.
The workshop successfully brought together 30 specialists, technical officers for HIV Preventive Education, Sexual and Reproductive Health, Youth Development, Curriculum Development experts and leadership representatives from ICHAD, Technical Reference Group, Ministry of Women’s Affairs, UNESCO, UNFPA, and Reproductive Health Organization of Cambodia (RHAC).
Under the overall guidance of H.E. Tun Sa Im, Under Secretary of State of MoEYS, 3 small working sessions were divided to provide in-depth technical editing and review the draft curriculum during the workshop. The team demonstrated remarkable effort and active participation, which led to the successful completion of the reviewing and editing processes.
The Technical Secretariat of ICHAD has planned to submit the Revised Draft of Curriculum to Education Material Approval for Printing Committee (EMAP) of the Ministry for final approval in July 2012.
After getting endorsed from EMAP, the National and Sub-National Training for Teachers will be organized, to build teacher preparedness and enhance institutional capacity to deliver curriculum at different levels of education settings. Through this training and further activities, UNESCO hopes to provide an important platform to provide a better understanding of sexuality education, its goals and possible outcomes among teachers and trainers, providing additional guidance on how to build support at the community and school level for sexuality education.
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