Department of Non-Formal Education of the MoEYS
- Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS education in Community Learning Centres courses
UNESCO Phnom Penh Office works with the Interdepartmental Committee for HIV/AIDS and Drugs of the MoEYS (ICHAD) to develop strategic plans and annual workplans, and works directly with the departments of the MoEYS that are ICHAD members to develop activities planned.
Thus, UNESCO Phnom Penh collaborates with the Department of Non-Formal Education to implement HIV-related education activities, mainly to integrate HIV education in the classes and courses of Community Learning Centres (CLCs). The CLCs, located in some villages in rural areas, offer free trainings courses to villagers (adults as well as in- or out-of-school young people).
Manuals and game related to HIV prevention for CLCs and literacy classes have also been developed with the technical and financial support of UNESCO to guide both trainers and trainees.
- Training Community Learning Centres Directors and Trainers
Community Learning Centres have the responsibility to mainstream HIV preventive education in their courses. To do so, the department has also organized training for CLC managers and CLC trainers. During these training workshops, new CLC directors and trainers receive information about HIV/AIDS as well as skills to incorporate HIV/AIDS education into the courses. CLC directors also receive training on overall management of their centres.
- HIV Preventive Education Through Mobile Learning Van Activities
To respond to the needs of the general population regarding to HIV, the MoEYS, through the Department of Non-Formal Education (NFE), launched in 2006 the mobile learning van programme.
This project aims at reducing vulnerability, risky-behaviours as well as stigma towards Most-at-risk Population and People Living with HIV by providing knowledge about HIV/AIDS to communities and building skills that will give them the opportunity to protect themselves against HIV.
The van works to reach as many villagers as possible: Adults and young people of both gender, including those who are out-of-school.
The NFE team travels to rural and remote areas to meet villagers. Staff members share general knowledge on how to prevent HIV transmission through the advocacy of condom use.
They also encourage dialogue between generations within families as well as between couples. Indeed, taboos related to sexual relationships still represent an obstacle to an efficient HIV prevention and thus help the spread of the epidemic. However, thanks to sensitization by the media as well as community-based prevention projects, the situation seems to be evolving: people talk more openly about it and they seem to know what to do to protect themselves and their siblings.
UNESCO Phnom Penh has been financing this activity for several years and thanks to its support, the mobile van can visit a few provinces every year.