Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)
After more than a decade of reconstruction of socio-economic and education systems, Cambodia sees the urgent need today to develop and renovate its Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system. Each year, a large number of secondary-school and university graduates enter the labour market, not fully ready for the transition. To cope with emerging challenges, UNESCO has initiated the TVET policy dialogues and introduced UNESCO normative instruments to several decision makers, administrators and to all key TVET stakeholders. UNESCO has shared its policy framework and related publications with the Cambodian government, including the MoEYS, the Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training and other policy-makers, in an attempt to find a way to bridge the gap between TVET and the labour market, to empower the youth with employment skills, and to identify visions and policies for TVET development in Cambodia.
The Education Strategic Plan (ESP, 2009 – 2013) was approved in September 2010, prepared by the MoEYS and supported by the Development Partners. As a new component, for the first time, the TVET is included in the education sector strategy.
In 2011, UNESCO continues to provide capacity development support to national partners in improving the TVET as well as the implementation of ESP. In this regards, UNESCO Office in Phnom Penh, Bangkok and TVET Section at HQs join to conduct the Policy TVET Review in Cambodia. The TVET Policy Review is not an attempt to provide ready-made policy recommendations; instead, the policy review should be regarded as a part of on-going policy dialogue among various stakeholders.
On-going technical assistance and the capacity development support is provided to the newly established technical department - the Department of Vocational Orientation of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport in implementing and monitoring the Annual Operational Plan and ESP, through different forms including the regular meetings, trainings and workshops. Technical support is also provided to assist the process of Vocational Orientation Policy formulation, to encourage the process to be consultative as much as possible, especially among the national TVET related sectors. The first draft of the policy was prepared by the technical team of the department and will be presented to the concerned departments, broader stakeholders of the line ministries, departments, NGOs and private sector in the last quarter of 2011.