Ancient City of Damascus (inscribed in 1979)

Great Mosque of the Umayyads © Sacred Sites / Martin Gray

Founded in the 3rd millennium B.C., Damascus is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East. In the Middle Ages, it was the centre of a flourishing craft industry, specializing in swords and lace. The city has some 125 historical monuments – one of which, possibly the most spectacular, is the 8th-century Great Mosque of the Umayyads, built on the site of an Assyrian sanctuary.

  • Mortar shelling has damaged the western façade of Umayyad Mosque; the western façade of the Citadel’s eastern gate; the northern wall of its Royal Hall; and the façade of the Great Madrasa, Al-Adliya.
  • Explosions have damaged several historic buildings including the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch in Bab Tuma and the Armenian Orthodox Church in Bab Sharqi.
  • Fire has damaged several structures in the districts of Sarouja and Qanawat.
  • Heavy shelling in the Midan historical district has also been reported.

Pictures of the damage to Umayyad Mosque (Nov 2013)

Picture of the damage to the Citadel's eastern gate (Nov 2013)

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