27.11.2014 - UNESCO Office in Santiago

El liderazgo escolar en América Latina y el Caribe

Policies promoting school leadership in eight education systems throughout the region.

In recent years, directive leadership has become a strategic issue in education policies. Specialized research has confirmed the substantial weight of directive leadership in education for the efficiency and improvement of general school operation. This is considered to be “the second (most important) intra-school factor”.

This study provides pioneering analysis of current policies that strengthen directive leadership in education at eight educational systems in the region: Argentina, the State of Ceará (Brazil), Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, the Dominican Republic and Peru. In keeping with this purpose, the study focuses on four key dimensions: functions and standards assigned to school directors; existing selection and evaluation processes; director status and working conditions, as well as training received by directors for the execution of their duties.

The resulting conclusions show that although current policies encouraging leadership (with recent initiatives favoring the leadership role taken by the different governments), there are still difficulties in terms of internal coherence between the different actions underway. Moreover, there are still serious shortcomings at decision-making levels (such as the training of directors) in order to achieve widespread leadership at schools throughout the countries in the region.

This investigation was developed the OREALC/UNESCO Santiago Technical Secretariat for the Directive Leadership in Education Study in Latin America and the Caribbean in conjunction with the Universidad Diego Portales Education Faculty.

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