UNESCO/Bilbao Prize - The International Jury

The Director-General appointed five independent experts with internationally recognized reputation in the field of human rights as members of the International Jury for a period of six years.

  • Professor Janusz Symonides - President of the International Jury

    Janusz Symonides is Professor of International Law and International Relations at Warsaw and Nicolaus Copernicus (Torun) Universities, Poland. He has Ph.D. in Law (1963, Torun University) and Doctor honoris causa of the International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research, Canada. He gives lectures in many academic institutions of different countries, including the Hague Academy of International Law (since 1988).

    In Poland, he is member of the Consultative Juridical Committee at the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. On the international arena, he serves as the United Nations Arbitrator and Conciliator for the Convention of the Law of the Sea (since 2004) and is Polish Member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (since 2005).

    Professor Symonides is member of many editorial boards and scientific councils. In 2003-2006, he served as Expert for the Human Dimension Mechanism of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe. During his time as Director of the Division of Human Rights, Peace, Democracy and Tolerance of UNESCO (1989-2000) he made a signification contribution to the advancement of UNESCO’s input for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms through participation in the drafting of a number of standard-setting instruments, preparation of human rights books and manuals, organization of and participation in important international conferences.

    Over his more than 35 years of academic activities he occupied a number of important positions: Head of International Law Department and Vice-Chancellor of  Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun in 1968-1973 ; Deputy Director (1974-1979) and  Director (1980-1887 ) of Polish Institute of International  Affairs in Warsaw; Polish Delegate to the Third UN Conference on Law of Sea (1974-1981) ; Chairman of the All-Polish Council of Societies of Friendship with other Nations (1974 –1988); Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence, East-West Security Studies Institute in New York (1987-1989).

    He has participated in over 250 international conferences, seminars and symposia. Editor-in-Chief of  Polish Yearbook of International Law in 1976-1986, he is author of over 550 publications, including 35 reference books and manuals on human rights, theory of international law and international  relations, law of the sea, environmental protection, international  organizations and institutions published in Polish, English, French, German, and Russian.
  • Professor Kinhide Mushakoji, a reputed Japanese authority on international affairs and a lifelong peace advocate, he is currently Vice-President of the International Movement against All Forms of Discrimination and Racism (IMADR, Tokyo, Japan) and Executive Director of the Centre for Asia Pacific Partnership at the Osaka University of Economics and Law.

    Kinhide Mushakoji was educated at Gakushuin University in Tokyo and the Institut des Sciences Politiques at the University of Paris. He has been a visiting professor at Princeton University and Northwestern University in the U.S.A. Subsequently, he was a Senior Specialist at the East-West Center in Hawaii and Consultant to the Committee on Society, Development and Peace in Geneva.

    He has been on the Board of several organizations, among them, the Japanese Peace Studies Association and the International Peace Research Association. He was also Vice-President of the International Political Science Association, and a member of the Executive Board of the Japanese Political Science Association. He is also a member of the Japanese Association of International Relations. During his long-standing academic career, Professor Mushakoji occupied a number of important positions: he was Chairperson of the Asia-Pacific Human Rights Information Centre (Hu-Rights Osaka); Director of the Institute of International Relations at Sophia University in Tokyo which he founded in 1969, a year after joining the Sophia faculty; Vice-Rector of the Regional and Global Studies Division of the United Nations University (1976-1989).

    In the academic field, Mr K. Mushakoji is a Professor in the Department of International Relations of the Chubu University and the Director of the Chubu Institute of Advanced Studies. He has published books and articles in Japanese and English at the local and international level on a variety of issues, including on peace and security, racism and discrimination, patriarchal democracy, trafficking of women and the sex industry, cultural development and international politics. Among his publications are: An Introduction to Peace Research, Japanese Foreign Policy in a Multi-Polar World and Behavioural Sciences and International Politics, Nihon to Islam Sekai (Japan and the Islamic World) in the publication Sekai-shi no Shiten kara (What is Islam: from an Historical Perspective, Islam), Nihon wa Sekai no tame ni Nani ga Dekiru ka: Wa’ no Sai-Kaishaku ni yoru Sekai no Nihon-ka no Kokufuku (How can Japan contribute to the world: Re-interpreting ‘Wa’ to overcome the Japanisation of the World) in the book Nihon no Katachi (A New Shape for Japan), and Global Issues and Interparadigmatic Dialogue – Essays on Multi-polar Politics.

    Professor Mushakoji was member of the International Jury of the UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education (2004 – 2006).
  • Professor Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro - Commissioner and Rapporteur on the rights of children at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Organization of the American States (OAS), Washington, DC. He was born in Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil, and was educated at the Catholic University, Law School, in Rio de Janeiro and at the Institut d'etudes politiques, Paris.

    In the United Nations, Paulo S. Pinheiro worked  as Independent Expert for the United Nations Secretary-General's study on violence against children (2003-2007). He presented to the United Nations General Assembly the World Report on Violence against Children in November 2006 (www.violencestudy.org). He was appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General to chair  the Independent Special Commission of Inquiry on Timor Leste (July -October 2006). He was also United Nations Special Rapporteur on Myanmar (2000-2008) and on Burundi (1995-1998) and was member of the former United Nations Sub-Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights where he developed and presented the United Nations Principles on Housing and Property Restitutions for Refugees and  Displaced Persons (the Pinheiro Principles, 2006).

    Paulo S. Pinheiro is a visiting Professor of International Relations at the Center for Latin American Studies, CLAS, Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University, USA, and a research associate at the Center for the Study of Violence at the University of São Paulo (NEV/USP, www.nevusp.org), Brazil, which he founded in 1987 and was Director of until 2001. He has also taught at the Universities of  Campinas and São Paulo in Brazil and abroad at  Columbia and Notre Dame Universities, USA, Oxford, U.K., and the Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales, France. He has published many articles, essays and books on social history, democracy, violence, and human rights.

    Paulo S. Pinheiro served as Secretary of State for Human Rights under the President of Brazil Fernando Henrique Cardoso, when he prepared the Brazilian National Human Rights Plan.
  • Professor Nasila S. Rembe - Chairholder, UNESCO “Oliver Tambo” Chair of Human Rights, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa.

    Nasila Rembe is Professor of Law and currently the Chair holder, UNESCO ‘Oliver Tambo’ Chair of Human Rights at the University of Fort Hare. In this capacity, he is also the Director of the ‘Oliver Tambo’ Human Rights Resource and Documentation Centre. The Chair has become the focal point for organising and developing human rights education, training, research, documentation and networking within and without South Africa. It assists in the capacity-building and professional training of officials with special responsibilities in human rights such as magistrates, law enforcement and correctional service personnel, national human rights institutions and NGO’s, leaders of traditional institutions and faith organisations, youth and educators and civil society as a whole. In recognition of its work, the ‘Oliver Tambo’ Chair was recipient of the UNITWIN/UNESCO Award in 2002, and honorary Citizen of the city of Toledo, USA.

    Professor Rembe graduated with a Bachelor and Masters degree in law from the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, and PhD from the University of Wales in the United Kingdom, specialising in Public International Law. His academic record extends to over twenty years of university service in Africa and elsewhere. He has taught public international law; human rights; jurisprudence; comparative law; and law and development. In recognition of his expertise, Professor Rembe has been appointed to serve on a number of editorial boards and professional bodies. He was member of the International Jury of the UNESCO Prize for Human Rights Education (2000 – 2006).

    He was Rockefeller Fellow at the Centre for the Study of Human Rights, Columbia University in New York; Visiting Assistant Professor, Ohio State University College of Law, Columbus, Ohio; North-South Dialogue Fellow at the Institute of International Law and International Relations, University of Graz; Guest Researcher, Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, Oslo.

    Professor Rembe has researched and published in the field of international law, human rights and, law and development. His work, and that of the ‘Oliver Tambo’ Chair, has a strong focus on peace, social justice and development, empowerment of local communities to participate in governance and social development, including capacity to intervene in matters that affect their social and public life.
  • Professor Leila Zerrougui - Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations and Deputy Head of the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC).

    Professor Zerrougui has had a distinguished career in the strengthening of the rule of law, in particular through the administration of justice, and in human rights.

    Before her appointment to Algeria’s Supreme Court in 2000, she served as a judge on the first instance Tribunal from 1980 to 1986, and on the Court of Appeals from 1986 to 1997.  From 1998 to 2000 she was legal adviser to the Cabinet of the Ministry of Justice.  Since 2000, she has also held the position of “Chargé de mission” in the Presidency of the Republic of Algeria.

    Professor Zerrougui has been a member of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention under the United Nations Human Rights Council since 2001, and served as the Working Group’s Chairperson-Rapporteur from 2003 until May 2008.  She has previously served as an expert member of a number of working groups and committees under the Commission on Human Rights.

    She graduated from the Ecole Nationale d’Administration (Algiers) in 1980.  Since 1993, she has held various academic positions at law schools in Algeria, and is now associate professor of the Ecole Supérieure de la Magistrature (Algiers).  She has published extensively on the administration of justice and human rights.
Back to top