A “Three-Way Approach” to Incorporating Muslim Immigrants in the EU: A Turkish Perspective

Kemal Kirisci

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The European Commission has made a tremendous effort to get Member States to accept the notion of a “two-way approach” to the integration of immigrants. However, this paper shows how this “two-way” approach needs to be supplemented by a “threeway” approach to meet the challenges associated with the incorporation of Muslim immigrants in particular. This would, where possible, engage and make use of the experiences of the sending country to assist receiving countries in achieving a better incorporation of immigrants. Traditionally, sending countries have been seen as part of the integration problem associated with immigrants, and partnerships with third countries have been largely framed to prevent or control unwanted migration. The three-way approach would simply mean that the EU would create possibilities for European governmental and non-governmental agencies to exchange views on how some of the “integration” problems might best be addressed. Subsequently, it would be up to Member States and EU institutions to put these ideas into practice. What form might a three-way approach to integration take and in what specific ways might a sending country be able to play a constructive role? The answer to these two questions is explored by looking at the case of Turkey.

Suggested bibliographic reference for this article:

Kirisci, Kemal. A “Three-Way Approach” to Incorporating Muslim Immigrants in the EU: A Turkish Perspective. IJMS: International Journal on Multicultural Societies. 2009, vol.11, no.2, pp. 119-135, UNESCO. ISSN 1817-4574. www.unesco.org/shs/ijms/vol11/issue2/art1

About the author:

Kemal Kirisci, a professor at the Department of Political Science and International Relations at Bogaziçi University, Istanbul (Turkey), is currently a senior fellow at the Transatlantic Academy in Washington DC. He holds a Jean Monnet Chair in European Integration and was also the director of the Center for European Studies in Bogaziçi University between 2002 and June 2008. He has worked extensively on asylum, border management and immigration issues in Turkey as well as in EU-Turkish relations. Publications include Land of Diverse Migrations: Challenges of Emigration and Immigration in Turkey, 2009 (with A. Içduygu), Turkish Immigrants in the European Union: Determinants of Immigration and Integration, 2007 (with R. Erzan) and Turkey in the European Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, 2004 (with J. Apap and S. Carrera). E-mail: kirisci(at)boun.edu.tr

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