Turkish Communities in the Russian Federation

Sergei V. Ryazantsev

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This paper examines the two largest Turkish communities in the Russian Federation. Belonging to the first community are Turkish-language speakers who are usually Turkish citizens working temporarily in Russia. The second community consists of Meskhetian Turks who in different periods of history have been known by various names, including Georgian Muslims, Muslim Meskhetians, Meshs, Meskhetian Turks, Turkish Ahiska and Ahalczihk Turks. These communities essentially differ in their origin and identity, settlement and migration, way of life and spheres of employment. These differences are outlined and the adaptation and integration of these communities into Russian society discussed. Also considered are the implications of their experiences for the development of Russian migration policy in relation to temporary labour migration.

Suggested bibliographic reference for this article:

Ryazantsev, Sergei V. Turkish Communities in the Russian Federation. IJMS: International Journal on Multicultural Societies. 2009, vol.11, no.2, pp. 155-173, UNESCO. ISSN 1817-4574. www.unesco.org/shs/ijms/vol11/issue2/art3

About the author:

Sergei Ryazantsev is a doctor of economics, professor and head of the Centre for Social Demography and Economic Sociology, Institute for Social and Political Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. His field research concerns migration processes, ethnic communities and migration policy in the Russian Federation. E-mail: riazan(at)mail.ru

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