Development of the Language Legislation in the Baltic States

Boris Tsilevich

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Abstract

The paper examines development of the language legislation in three Baltic states - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania - after the restoration of their independence. The author describes the regulations determining the status of the state language and the languages of national minorities, as well as governing the use of languages in elected bodies, before public authorities, in media, in education, and in employment. Possible inconsistencies with the provisions of the international instruments on minority rights are identified. The author analyses the main features of the language policies in the Baltic states, and proposes his own theory concerning the main factors affecting the formation of these policies.

Suggested bibliographic reference for this article:

Tsilevich, Boris. Development of the Language Legislation in the Baltic States. IJMS: International Journal on Multicultural Societies. 2001, vol. 3, no.2, pp. 137-154. UNESCO. ISSN 1817-4574. www.unesco.org/shs/ijms/vol3/issue2/art6

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