Brain Drain and Innovation Systems in the South

Rodrigo Arocena and Judith Sutz

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Abstract:

Underdevelopment in a great part of the world is as strong today as it was fifty years ago; however, some of its features are changing due to the combined action of globalisation and the renewed power of knowledge. Understanding these changes is the key to devising effective development strategies: the National Innovation Systems (NIS) approach can be useful for this purpose. NIS in the South are weak and incomplete, so some of their structures “seek” to attach to more developed ones in the North: this weakness may be seen as one of the many “brain-drain” drivers. The paper explores the contribution of the NIS perspective to policies devoted to knowledge and learning accumulation in developing countries; it argues that empowering NIS in the South can contribute to halting brain drain and fostering brain rearticulation.

Suggested bibliographic reference for this article:
Arocena, Rodrigo and Sutz, Judith. Brain Drain and Innovation Systems in the South. IJMS: International Journal on Multicultural Societies. 2006, vol.8, no.1, pp. 43-60. UNESCO. ISSN 1817-4574. www.unesco.org/shs/ijms/vol8/issue1/art3

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