Indonesian Labour Migration: Issues and Challenges

Aswatini Raharto

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Historically, Indonesian labour migration to other countries has been taking place since the Dutch and Japanese colonial periods, in unregulated as well as government-regulated movements. After Indonesia gained its independence in 1945, labour migration from the country continued as a spontaneous movement. In 1977 the Indonesian Government announced regulations to recruit Indonesians to work overseas, and in 1979 started to encourage the sending of international migrant workers overseas. This paper examines issues on international labour migration from Indonesia. It is argued that even though Indonesia is one of the most important labour exporting countries in Southeast Asia, it is still facing major problems in benefiting from globalisation and a deregulated global labour market. Most Indonesian workers deployed overseas are uneducated and unskilled. Indonesia is also still facing problems in controlling irregular labour migrants and protecting its migrant workers.

Suggested bibliographic reference for this article :

Raharto, Aswatini. Indonesian Labour Migration: Issues and Challenges. IJMS: International Journal on Multicultural Societies. 2007, vol.9, no.2, pp.219-235. UNESCO. ISSN 1817-4574. www.unesco.org/shs/ijms/vol9/issue2/art6

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