OPEN FORUM: The End of National Models? Integration Courses and Citizenship Trajectories in Europe

Dirk Jacobs and Andrea Rea

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Several European countries have recently introduced, or are planning to introduce, citizenship trajectories(voluntary or obligatory inclusion programmes for recent immigrants) or citizen integration tests (tests one should pass to be able to acquire permanent residence or state citizenship). Authors such as Joppke claim that this is an articulation of a more general shift towards the logic of assimilation (and away from a multicultural agenda) in integration policy paradigms of European states. Integration policies would even be converging in such a fashion that it would no longer make sense to think in terms of national models for immigrant integration. The empirical fact of diffusion of civic integration policies throughout Europe cannot be denied. This paper claims that there is, however, still sufficient distinctiveness between immigrant integration policies in order to continue and use an analytical framework that distinguishes national models.

Suggested bibliographic reference for this article :

Jocobs, Dirk and Rea, Andrea. OPEN FORUM: The End of National Models? Integration Courses and Citizenship Trajectories in Europe. IJMS: International Journal on Multicultural Societies. 2007, vol.9, no.2, pp.264-283. UNESCO. ISSN 1817-4574. www.unesco.org/shs/ijms/vol9/issue2/art8

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