Background to the Convention

UNESCO responded to calls from the international community in developing the International Convention against Doping in Sport. At the 3rd International Conference of Ministers and Senior Officials Responsible for Physical Education and Sport (MINEPS III) in Uruguay in December 1999, Ministers expressed concern over unethical behaviour, in particular doping in sport, and urged all countries to take concerted action.

Following a Ministerial Round Table held at UNESCO in January 2003, a decision was made at the 32nd session of the UNESCO General Conference to tackle the question of doping in sport through an international convention. The Convention was drafted after consultations and meetings among representatives of nearly 100 countries and adopted on 19 October 2005. It entered into force on 1 February 2007. It is the most successful convention in the history of UNESCO in terms of speed of development and entry into force. To date, over 170 countries have ratified the Convention.

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