Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee (IGBC)
The Intergovernmental Bioethics Committee (IGBC) was created in 1998, under Article 11 of the Statutes of the International Bioethics Committee (IBC). It is comprised of 36 Member States whose representatives meet at least once every two years to examine the advice and recommendations of the IBC. It informs the IBC of its opinions and submits these opinions along with proposals for follow-up of the IBC's work to UNESCO's Director-General for transmission to Member States, the Executive Board and the General Conference.
What States are members of the IGBC?
|Brazil**||Indonesia||Republic of Korea|
|Dominican Republic||Mexico||United Republic of Tanzania|
** States elected at the 35th session of the General Conference; members of the IGBC until the end of the 37th session (Autumn 2013).
The other States remain members until the end of the 38th session (Autumn 2015).
Zambia, which was elected at the 35th session of the General Conference, applied anew at the 36th session, and will therefore sit in the Committee until the end of the 38th session. For this reason, an additional seat will have to be filled by Group V (a) during the elections which will be held at the 37th session.
How are the IGBC members chosen?
The 36 Member States are elected by UNESCO's General Conference taking into account cultural diversity and balanced geographical representation. Members serve for terms of about four years, from the end of the ordinary session of the General Conference in which they are elected until the end of the second subsequent ordinary session.
Who can participate in IGBC sessions?
- Member States, Associate Members of UNESCO may take part as official observers in the meetings of the IGBC, while non-Member States that have set up a permanent observer mission may do so at the invitation of the Director-General.
- The United Nations and the other organizations of the United Nations system that have an agreement with UNESCO for reciprocal representation may also take part as observers in the meetings of the IGBC.
- International governmental or non-governmental organizations with similar objectives to those of the IGBC may be invited to take part as observers in the meetings of the IGBC.
- Specialists or other relevant persons or groups may be consulted on matters within the competence of the IGBC.